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Energy, a major geopolitical issue

The Ifri Centre for Energy draws the attention of public and private decision makers on the geopolitical factors influencing global energy markets, and assesses their economic, political and environmental implications for European policies. The areas of research of the Centre for Energy cover the new geopolitics of hydrocarbons, the European energy markets, the energy policies of emerging economies, the fight against climate change.

Gathering in Brussels the key stakeholders of the energy sector, the Ifri Energy Breakfast Roundtables and the Annual Conference of the Centre have now become major European events. With its research papers and closed-door seminars, the Centre for Energy is conducting forefront research, benefitting from regular exchanges with international experts and stakeholders. These works feed into the researchers’ frequent interventions in the media and international conférences.

Since February 2014, the Centre joined 11 partners from 9 European countries in the multidisciplinary consortium INSIGHT_E, which aims at providing sound, scientific and up-to-date analysis on energy policy. INSIGHT_E delivers policy advice to the European Commission and market players on the impact of strategic choices in the field of European energy policy, assessing the environmental, economic, social and institutional dimensions. For further information on the INSIGHT_E consortium, its activities and publications, please consult the following website :

Organisation of the Centre

The governance structure of the Centre ensures that our work is of the highest quality and relevance.

The Steering Committee gathers representatives from the Centre’s partners, the General Director of Ifri, the Director of the Scientific Committee and the Director of the Centre for Energy. Meetings of the Steering Committee provide our partners the opportunity to express their views on the general orientation of the Centre.

An independent Scientific Committee evaluates the scientific quality of our work. Its Chairman, Professor Jacques Lesourne, personally oversees the research.

The Centre also benefits from contributions of a wide network of researchers and experts in the energy field in Europe and the world. Traditionally, Ifri maintains close ties with a large number of research institutions that contribute to the work of the Ifri Centre for Energy.

Marie-Claire AOUN

Directeur du Centre Énergie de l'Ifri


Chercheur au Centre Energie de l'Ifri


Chercheur au Centre Énergie

Benjamin AUGE

Chercheur associé au Programme Afrique Subsaharienne de l'Ifri


Chercheur associé au Centre Énergie de l'Ifri


Chercheur associé au Centre Énergie de l'Ifri


Président du Comité scientifique du Centre Énergie

Olivier APPERT

Conseiller au Centre Énergie de l'Ifri


Conseillère au Centre Energie de l'Ifri

This research area deals with global geopolitical trends of the oil, gas and coal sectors.
This research area focuses on the economic and geopolitical stakes of the electricity sector, at global and European levels.
This area examines the major trends of the European energy policy. The research addresses its evolution and its governance stakes since 2000 until today.
This area deals with the climate change policies adopted at national levels, as well as the positions of the main emitting countries in the international climate negotiations.

This study weighs up the different strategic approaches that Europe may adopt in the industrial race for electrical batteries, taking into account the demand potential for e-mobility and stationary storage, the global competitive landscape and the policy support for local players in Asia and...

By: Manuel WELSCH, Steve PYE, Dogan KELES, Aurélie FAURE, Audrey DOBBINS, Abhishek SHIVAKUMAR, Paul DEANE, Mark HOWELLS

This book was authored by the Insight_e European consortium, in which the Ifri Center for Energy was involved between 2014 and 2017. It is based on the key research projects carried out over the last three years on the Energy Union, greenhouse gas emissions reduction policies, security of gas...


France’s current presidential campaign has created an unprecedented situation fuelled by revelations and a total absence of restraint, but it has not truly taken account of the disruptions of the last year: Brexit, the attempted coup in Turkey, the election of Donald Trump, the recapturing of...

By: Abhishek SHIVAKUMAR, Aurélie FAURE, Bo NORMARK, Sunay GUPTA, Tom KOBER, Christian BAUER, Zhang XIAOJIN

Storage technologies have the potential to significantly support the EU’s electricity system, bringing a number of flexibility services. There are numerous electric energy storage (EES) technologies, tackling different magnitudes in terms of quantity of energy, ramp-up time, duration of...


More than three years have already passed since China’s new silk roads were launched by President Xi Jinping. When he first mentioned the idea in an autumn 2013 speech in Kazakhstan, questions quickly emerged on the meaning of this general concept, which soon became widely promoted through a...


The United Kingdom chose to leave the European Union at a crucial moment for the Energy Union, and in a period when the necessity of leading a coherent energy transition is strongly shared by EU countries. In the light of this conjunction of events, this study analyses the determining factors...


This study analyses the likelihood of cyber attacks against European energy infrastructures and their potential consequences, particularly on the electricity grid. It also delivers a comparative analysis of measures taken by different European countries to protect their industries and...

By: Steve PYE, Carole MATHIEU, Paul DEANE

On June 23rd, the UK voted 51.9% to 48.1% to leave the European Union. While the referendum outcome was not legally binding, the broad political consensus that has since emerged across both Remain and Brexit camps has been that the will of the majority must be upheld. So while the UK leaving...

Thursday 23 February 2017
from 09:00 to 11:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

The energy sector experiences an unprecedented digital transformation upsetting its activities and business models. The convergence of the global industrial system with the power of advanced computing and analytics reveals untapped opportunities at every step of the energy...

Tuesday 13 December 2016
from 17:00 to 19:00 - Ifri Conferences

The United Kingdom faces numerous long term energy challenges, in a context of declining gas reserves, aging thermal power plants and increasing intermittent sources of power. To sustain its energy transition, the UK implemented a carbon price-floor, yet the development of renewable energy...

Thursday 10 November 2016
from 17:00 to 18:30 - Ifri Conferences

Climate goals agreed in Paris at COP21 can only be reached if a strong focus is put on the promotion of low-carbon electricity sources. Electricity generation is already the largest contributor to energy-related CO2 emissions and global demand for electricity is set to increase by...

Thursday 13 October 2016
from 09:00 to 11:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

COP21 has been a resounding success; all 196 Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change have committed to take concrete steps toward decarbonizing the global economy and increasing resilience to a changing climate. All eyes are now turning to the November 2016 COP22 to see whether...

Thursday 07 July 2016
from 09:30 to 11:00 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Access to electricity has proven a major impediment to economic growth in Africa. As an increasingly important investor in the region, what role has China played in tackling issues of energy poverty, and what can be done in the future?


Vincent Thouvenin, Director for European Affairs of RTE, explains the role and challenges faced by transmission system operators in the energy transition at the 2030 horizon, and how the Clean Energy Package will accompany the transformation of our electricity systems.

By: Carole MATHIEU,  interview published in

A year after the landmark COP21 climate discussions, the ambitious Paris Agreement entered into force just before COP22 began in Marrakech, Marrocco. With this latest round of talks new over, Carole Mathieu of Ifri debriefs Nuclear Report on what happened in Marrakech, the importance of the...

In the run up to the international climate conference (COP 21) which will be held in Paris in December 2015, the Ifri Centre for Energy contributes to the debate on climate change policies and on the way the international negotiations are structured.

In the first place, the Ifri Centre for Energy gathers with CDC Climat Research to organize jointly a series of “Climate Breakfast Roundtables" with economic decision-makers (public authorities, private companies, investors, etc...). These events aim at promoting a better understanding of the key challenges of these international negotiations, by shedding light on the latest progresses and on the commitments taken by the different countries. Each roundtable is structured around the intervention of a representative of a country involved in the process of these international negotiations. The speaker presents the domestic climate policies and elaborates on the country’s stances in the negotiation, before opening discussions with the attendees.

Joint Communiqué Ifri - CDC Climat Recherche

Climate Breakfast Roundtables hosted to date:

In addition, the Ifri Centre for Energy publishes a new series of short papers to provide insight on the stakes of the negotiation for the different parties and on the key expectations towards the Paris Conference in 2015.

List of recent publications: