Former Head of EU Policies, Center for Energy & Climate

Research Interests:

  • Climate change governance
  • European energy policy
  • Electricity markets
  • France


From 2014 to 2022, Carole Mathieu was Head of EU Policies at the Center for Energy & Climate of the French Institute for International Relations (Ifri). Her research areas primarily covered climate change policies and the transformation of energy systems, European energy policy, and security of gas supply.

Prior to joining Ifri's Center for Energy & Climate, she was an analyst at the French Energy Regulatory Commission (2010-2014) where she was actively involved in defining and defending the positions of the French regulator in the discussions with European Institutions, network and infrastructure operators and market players. Her work focused on the harmonization of European gas network and market rules and on questions relating to energy security of supply of the European Union. She has regularly conducted training sessions at the French Gas Association (AFG) on the EU energy policy and on energy markets regulation. Holding a Master’s degree in Public Administration – Energy from Sciences Po Paris, Carole Mathieu has also studied at Boston College (Massachusetts, U.S.).

All my publications

Transitioning to a low-carbon, decentralized and digitalized electricity system requires setting out new roles for incumbent suppliers, new entrants and consumers now generating their own power. Where is the US electricity industry heading and what does it say about market designs for the 21st...

All my medias