Research Fellow, Director of Ifri's Security Studies Center
- Guerrillas, terrorism, and insurgencies
- Military operations
- Security-defense continuum
- Military history
Although the first and foremost domain in the history of warfare, Land power has been dissociated from the concept of “strategic forces” for some time now, as these generally referred to long-range and/or high-yield strike capabilities, above all nuclear weapons.
Quel avenir pour le djihadisme ? Al-Qaïda et Daech après le califat Focus stratégique, No. 87, January 2019
Despite a relative weakening since 2017, the international jihadist movement should continue to pose a genuine threat over the next decade.
Les armées françaises face aux menaces anti-aériennes de nouvelle génération Focus stratégique, No. 86, December 2018
Although it had never entirely disappeared, the surface-to-air threat was mitigated for three decades by Western air superiority. It now benefits from a modernization and dissemination momentum that will increasingly hinder expeditionary forces’ freedom of action.
This paper assesses the current state of the jihadist threat to France, as well as the French authorities’ security response. With the upcoming presidential election, 2017 will be a decisive year for the country. Terrorism will be at the heart of the campaign and ISIS will most likely try to...
Beyond national styles. Towards a connected history of Cold War counterinsurgency dans Beatrice Heuser et Eitan Shamir (dir.), National Experiences with Insurgencies and Counterinsurgencies, Cambridge University Press, 2017, p. 313-332.
This book is a major new study of the extent to which national mentalities, or 'ways of war', are responsible for 'national styles' of insurgency and counterinsurgency
The 2015 terror attacks in France and the ensuing activation by the Ministry of Defense of its homeland protection plan opened a new phase in the long history of the French Army’s involvement in internal security.
Hybrid Warfare in the Strategic Spectrum: an Historical Assessment in Guillaume Lasconjarias and Jeffrey Larsen (ed.), NATO’s Response to Hybrid Threats, Rome, NATO Defence College, 2015, pp. 95-112.
"Hybrid Warfare" is a fashionable concept, but in order fo it to be really relevant, it has to be visualized within the whole strategic spectrum.
Since its inception in the mid-2000s, hybrid warfare has become a fashionable concept among Western strategic community. However, it lacks a clear definition and, if loosely used, could lead to possibly dangerous misunderstandings.
The Battle over Fire Support: The CAS Challenge and the Future of Artillery Focus stratégique, No. 35 bis, October 2012
Traditionally, maneuver units are designed for mobility and control of the ground, while supporting forces (artillery, aviation) deliver fires to protect the former and ensure their freedom of action.
Helicopter Warfare: The Future of Airmobility and Rotary Wing Combat. Focus stratégique, No. 32 bis, January 2012
Military helicopters have evolved into technologically sophisticated weapon systems. Originally designed to counter Soviet armor, attack helicopters now have to cope with a wide spectrum of threats, some of them bringing them back to their counterinsurgency roots.