- Foreign policy: China and its neighborhood, EU-China relations, US-China relations
- Defense and security policy: military modernization, naval strategy, deterrence, counterterrorism
- Domestic policy and the evolution of the national security apparatus
- China in the space and quantum competition
Marc Julienne is Head of China Research at the Center for Asian Studies of the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri). He mainly focuses on China’s foreign and security policy, as well as on strategic issues.
He has a PhD in political science and international relations from the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO, Paris), where he now teaches international relations in Northeast Asia (Master’s Degree in International Relations).
Before joining Ifri in 2020, he was a Research Fellow at the Foundation for Strategic Research (FRS, Paris) for four years. He was an associate PhD candidate at the Strategic Research Institute of the Ecole militaire (IRSEM, 2016–2019) and a Research Fellow at the Asia Center (Paris) for two years. He was also a Visiting Fellow at the Mercator Institute for China Studies (MERICS, Berlin, 2015) and at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences (SASS, Shanghai, 2017).
Racing to the Moon: China's Lunar exploration program in competition with the United States ReConnect China, Policy Brief 4, October 2023
A new Cold War-style race to the moon seems to be in the making. The People’s Republic of China and the United States are both investing in moon exploration with manned lunar scientific stations as the ultimate goal.
From a China strategy to no strategy at all: Exploring the diversity of European approaches A report of the European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC), July 2023
While there is now new momentum in the relationship between Europe and China, considerable variation remains in approaches across the continent, from clear-cut strategies to more ambiguous policies, complicating a common European position.
While French President Emmanuel Macron’s state visit to China is viewed by some to be an exercise in stirring the pot, this does not mean that the European boat has veered off course. The EU is used to robust debate among and within member states, and can take this as another opportunity to...
China in the Race to Low Earth Orbit: Perspectives on the Future Internet Constellation Guowang Asie.Visions, No. 136, April 2023
In April 2021, the Chinese government officially, but rather quietly, established a new state-owned enterprise (SOE) named China SatNet. Its mission: build out China’s “mega-constellation” program for low Earth orbiting internet satellites, known as Guowang (“national network”).
Emmanuel Macron Visits China: Stability in the Taiwan Strait Should be a Priority for France Lettre du Centre Asie, No. 103, April 3, 2023
President Emmanuel Macron will visit China from April 4 to 8 for the first time since 2019 and five months after his meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping, on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Bali.
As French President Emmanuel Macron (accompanied by Ursula von der Leyen) is on a state visit to China, some twenty Ifri researchers decipher the stakes of the U.S./China/Europe strategic triangle.
China-Russia Cooperation in Space: The Reality behind the Speeches in Max Bergmann (eds.), Understanding the Broader Transatlantic Security Implications of Greater Sino-Russian Military Alignment, CSIS, December 2022
China-Russia cooperation in space has been increasing for the past two decades. This cooperation accelerated after the Crimea crisis in 2014 and culminated with the announcement in 2021 of the joint construction of the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS).<...>
The tremendous demographic challenges facing China will not significantly affect the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in the immediate future, but will become more problematic in the medium and long term. The rapid aging of the population and the resulting socio-economic imbalances will put...
From the beginning of the war in Ukraine, Beijing has adopted an outward posture of neutrality while in fact supporting Moscow.
Emmanuel Macron: The Preferred Choice for Taipei and Beijing Prospects & Perspectives 2022 No. 24, The Prospect Foundation
The second round of the French presidential election on April 24 will decide whether Emmanuel Macron, the incumbent president, or Marine Le Pen, the leader of the far right nationalist party Rassemblement national (national gathering), will become president of the French Republic for the next...
Ship-to-shore cranes tower high above choppy waters and colorful containers on the Ligurian coast of northern Italy. Sailors coming in to dock are greeted with a smorgasbord of transportation industry names and logos, from Denmark's Maersk to Taiwan's Evergreen. Harder to spot is COSCO, the...
HAMBURG, Germany -- Chinese Premier Li Qiang avoided public clashes on a high-profile visit to Germany and France this week, in what analysts see as a sign of the European nations' reluctance to alienate Beijing.
French President Emmanuel Macron's call for Europe to steer clear of a Taiwan conflict -- rooted in France's pride and deep-seated resistance to following America's lead -- has raised questions about where he and Paris really stand on China.
European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen and French President Emmanuel Macron deliver united message to Chinese president during visit ; but as French leader signed over 20 business deals on China trip, EU chief took sterner line with Xi on economic grievances, human rights and Taiwan
French President Emmanuel Macron called on Chinese President Xi Jinping to help convince Russia to hold negotiations toward ending the war in Ukraine as the two leaders met in Beijing on Thursday.
French President Emmanuel Macron is expected to press Chinese leader Xi Jinping during a trip to China this week to limit support for Russia in its war against Ukraine, according to French officials, amid growing Western concerns over Beijing’s deepening economic and political ties...
Recent US military activity in the Asia-Pacific is on the rise, including drills in the Philippines and South Korea as well as a submarine deal struck between the US and Australia. China has, meanwhile, accused the US of encircling the country. FRANCE 24 speaks with an expert to shed light on...
Asia after the War in Ukraine: Re-imagining multilateralism and the risk of high-intensity conflict (video replay)
Annual conference of Ifri's Center for Asian Studies. The war in Ukraine has marked the return of high-intensity conflict in Europe and represents a profound, structural shift in the region’s strategic environment. It also takes place against a backdrop of a decades-long...
Paris and Beijing have agreed to build infrastructure projects in Africa, South East Asia and Eastern Europe. But will this help shine light on China’s opaque foreign investments? Or just give the appearance of doing so?