As France and Germany celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Elysee Treaty, there's mounting pressure for the two countries to revamp their cooperation and leadership within the EU.
The German model is questioned on several levels in terms of foreign policy: military aspects, energy aspects and economic aspects. At the same time, the war in Ukraine represents a challenge to the Franco-German leadership within the European Union (EU). The 60th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty provides the opportunity to address the importance of the “Franco-German engine” which gives momentum to the EU as a whole, while also addressing the subjects of disagreement between France and Germany.
From the cupola of the great amphitheater of the Sorbonne, the five large medallions in monochrome representing the sciences, letters, law, medicine and theology will judge the event. Sunday January 22, in the morning, in one of the oldest universities on the continent (founded in 1253), the...
Higher Renewable Energy Targets in Germany: How will the Industry Benefit? Briefings de l'Ifri, January 9, 2023
“Deutschland – Einstieg in die Deindustrialisierung?” – “Germany, the beginning of deindustrialisation?” asked the German economic newspaper Handelsblatt in the context of the spike in energy prices that has put at risk thousands of companies across Germany in 2022. Whereas...
Attention to the Periphery? Germany and the Pacific Island States Lettre du Centre Asie, No. 102, December 21, 2022
In September 2020, Germany adopted policy guidelines for the Indo-Pacific that comprehensively set out its approach towards this increasingly important region, seeking to diversify partnerships beyond China.
The German Government's Support Plan for Households and Businesses: How to Compensate for the Double Energy and Economic Shock? Notes du Cerfa, No. 173, Ifri, December 2022
In response to Russia's illegal attack on Ukraine, EU member states have issued a series of economic sanctions against Russia. This also includes moratoria on certain products, e.g., in the energy sector.
Two leaders under pressure to repair relations after rifts over defence, energy and China. The French president, Emmanuel Macron, hosted the German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, for lunch on Wednesday as they sought to iron out significant differences on energy and defence that have weakened...
The European Union Industrial Strategy: Reconciling Competition and Geoeconomic Challenges Notes du Cerfa, No. 172, Ifri, October 2022
The EU’s basic assumptions, on which it grounds its economic and trade power, are being steadily cast into doubt. The EU’s main trade partners, the US and China, increasingly set their sights on securing their supply chains, which may further a potential decoupling.
Against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine, the Bundeswehr has been led to refocus on territorial defense and collective security, which constituted the core of its activity for decades. This evolution break with the long period of efforts during which the Bundeswehr painfully tried to...
More Europe in the face of realpolitik’s return? French perspectives on 30 years of German reunification Commentary in New Eastern Europe, Paris, September 29, 2022
The current geopolitical situation has disrupted the European and global order, which were both consolidated in the 1990s and have been key factors in the modern German model. The Franco-German duo is currently facing new challenges and it will have to respond appropriately in a time when the...
The war in Ukraine has been a rude awakening for Berlin.