Since the fall of the Soviet Union, if not from the birth of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) itself, relations with United States have proven to be a central factor in China’s strategic calculus and a major driver of Chinese foreign policy. Indeed, America’s...
No Longer a Middle Power: Australia’s Strategy in the 21st Century Focus stratégique, No. 92, September 2019
Confronted with a strained strategic environment and a relative decline of its resource base, Australia is currently going through a historical shift of its global status.
China’s 2018 energy consumption data capture the ambiguity of Beijing’s attitude toward climate change. Energy demand rose by 3.5% to 3,155 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), with an increase of coal consumption (though its share in the overall energy mix is decreasing) and an expected...
(De)globalization of International Plastic Waste Trade: Stakes at Play and Perspectives Édito Énergie, September 2019
The world plastic production has been multiplied by 23 since 1964 to reach 348 million tonnes (mt) in 2017. This production level is expected to double in the next 20 years, largely because of the significant growth in plastic consumption in developing countries. Today, China is the...
Waste Management and Electricity Generation in Africa: Developing Waste-to-Energy to the Benefit of Sustainable Cities? Études de l'Ifri, September 2019
With the expansion of modern production and consumption patterns to large African cities, population growth and urbanization, production of municipal waste has risen sharply. Unregulated dumps are becoming numerous and have strong negative health effects by polluting the local environment....
Prospects for the New EU Strategy on India: Game Changer or Business as Usual? Asie.Visions, No. 108, September 2019
The new European Union (EU) strategy on India marks a major moment of departure in EU-India relations.
The Mediterranean region has been identified as one of the most affected regions by climate change endangering human security at the food-water-energy nexus.
With sluggish economies that create few jobs, soaring demographics, international aid often considered as revenue, and a security apparatus unable to protect national territory and its population, are the Sahel states losing control of their own domestic areas?
The Indo-Pacific: A Viable Concept? / Can we Stabilize the Sahel? Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No.3, Autumn 2019
Only devised a few years ago, the concept of the Indo-Pacific seeks to express a new configuration of the world’s globalization. In terms of economic exchange and power distribution, the Indo-Pacific is a unitary region spanning from the Persian Gulf to the Pacific, where all the major powers...
Is the EU Better Prepared for the Next Migration Challenges? Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 3, Autumn 2019
The European Union did respond to the massive influx of migrants in 2015, but with short-term measures, which have widened the divisions between member states.