When the German president, foreign minister, and defense minister gave speeches at the 2014 Munich Security conference—speeches now recognized as watershed moments in Germany security policy—hope began to blossom in France. Would German defense and security policy finally become “normal?” Many...
Moldova between Russia and the West: Internal Divisions behind the Commitment to European Integration Russie.NEI.Visions, No. 110, Ifri, August 2018
The traditional characterisation of Moldova as a bridge between two civilisations, Russian Orthodox and the West, seems to have become outdated.
The 1970s were a decade of anti-war movements. Willy Brandt received the Nobel Peace Prize for his détente policy toward the Eastern Bloc – and West German defense spending peaked at 3.13 percent of GDP in 1975. Clearly, those days are long gone.
Data no longer should be understood as a sole commercial or regulatory issue, but rather as an actual stake of international politics. Mastering data is an issue involving different set of actors, with diverging motivations: it is a sovereignty and national security stake for states, a...
Since the Italian election held on March 4th, 2018, immigration policy has become a hotter-than-ever issue both at national and European level. The Aquarius incident has brought to light the question of European solidarity regarding immigration issues.
Adjustment Is Back: The Political and Financial Crisis in Central African Oil-Producing Countries. Gabon and Congo-Brazzaville Notes de l'Ifri, July 2018
This paper aims to highlight both the financial, economic and political adjustment cycle, affecting two Central African petro-states, Gabon and the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
The Expansion of Offshore Wind Power in the North Sea: A Strategic Opportunity for the European Union Études de l'Ifri, July 2018
The North Sea is the cradle of the global offshore wind industry. The favourable wind patterns in the Southern part and the low depth of water have created an enabling environment for the construction of the first wind turbines in the world. Public policies have progressively encouraged...
Dual system of professional training: keystone of made in Germany? Notes du Cerfa, No. 143, Ifri, July 2018
The German dual system of professional training is seen as an international reference model. It aims at training qualified employees for an innovative economy rather than being the last resort for less able pupils. Parents and adolescents regard apprenticeships as an entry ticket to a good job...
Penser son ennemi. Modélisations de l'adversaire dans les forces armées Focus stratégique, No. 82, July 2018
The designation of an enemy is always the result of a political decision, which generally leads to the opening of hostilities.
Moscow’s Syria Campaign: Russian Lessons for the Art of Strategy Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 109, Ifri, July 2018
This monograph argues that the Syrian experience may leave a major imprint on Russian strategic thought and operational art.