COVID-19 acts as a catalyst in international relations.
The COVID-19 crisis has hit the countries of the European Union (EU) hard.
Nuclear Multipolarity: Myths and Realities of Competition Politique étrangère, Vol. 85, No.2, Summer 2020
The term “arms race” does not accurately reflect the events of the Cold War, let alone the multipolar logics that have followed it.
In 2016, Donald Trump ran as the candidate for change, and, once elected, he set about deconstructing the legacy of his predecessors.
The results of the US presidential election in November 2020 are very uncertain.
Breakthrough for decentralized Franco-German cooperation? Perspectives after the Aachen Treaty Visions franco-allemandes, No. 30, Ifri, June 2020
The development of Franco-German cooperation can be described as an intergovernmental process. Depending on the perspective, the capacity for innovation of the relationship lies either with central decision-makers at the state level or with decentralized actors at the local level.
As I write these lines, the COVID-19 pandemic seems to be following the pathway forecast by those epidemiologists and virologists, who have been telling us for weeks that the wave is past its peak. If it is, this does not mean that we are safe from a second wave some time later, but only that...
Transformation of Russian Strategic Culture: Impacts from Local Wars and Global Confrontation Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 118, Ifri, June 2020
Russian strategic culture is evolving fast, despite the consolidation of the ruling regime, which is maturing into a more rigid autocracy, whereby its ideological outlook becomes increasingly conservative.
Solar Power in Sub-Saharan Africa after COVID-19: Healing the Ills of the Sector Édito Énergie, 29 May 2020
The electrification of sub-Saharan Africa is one of the great challenges of the 21st century. It is essential if we are to succeed in creating the 20 million jobs each year necessary to absorb the demographic growth of the region,[i] which is set...
Les bases de la puissance. Enjeux géopolitiques et stratégiques des bases militaires avancées Focus stratégique, n° 97, mai 2020
Throughout history, great powers have relied upon forward military bases, either to support their interventions in areas of interest, to re-assure allies or to control a territory.