As Brexit fast approaches, what can be said about the key issues? Politique étrangère summarizes them with four questions.
Trump’s Trade Wars: The Outcry Against Multilateralism Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
The aim of multilateral trade as established after the Second World War was to prevent trade wars.
Will Artificial Intelligence Revolutionize the Art of War? Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
Despite the development of artificial intelligence (AI) only being in its early stages, it has already had an impact on armed forces.
The Rohingya issue involves a complex national and regional history.
Mexico’s Energy Reform (hereafter, the Reform) enacted on December 20th 2013, and the Secondary Laws adopted on August 11th 2014, marked a milestone in the history and the development of the Mexican energy sector....
In a context defined by the failure of military interventions, multiple attacks, and criticized parliamentary elections, uncertainty reigns over the country.
This study analyses the various mechanisms that explain the leakage of the main source wealth in Nigeria at all levels of the production and commercialization of oil and gas, from the wellheads, with the bunkering of pipelines, up to the export of crude oil and the import of refined products,...
Of Walls and Men: Securing African Borders in the 21st Century Focus stratégique, No. 85 bis, November 2018
African borders are well-known for their porosity. Although they are crucial economic interfaces, they also crystallize political and security...
From Meseberg to Nowhere? A Franco-German Impetus for the Eurozone Visions franco-allemandes, No. 29, Ifri, November 2018
This study analyses the joint efforts by France and Germany to bring about a comprehensive reform of the European currency union. These efforts culminated in the joint Meseberg Declaration adopted in June 2018. The article contextualises these efforts with respect to the reforms realised so...
Often described as an “ungoverned area”, the Niger-Libya border is nevertheless at the centre of major economic, political and security challenges. Both the Libyan authorities and the Nigerien state are struggling to establish tight control over this particularly isolated area.