China’s 2018 energy consumption data capture the ambiguity of Beijing’s attitude toward climate change. Energy demand rose by 3.5% to 3,155 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), with an increase of coal consumption (though its share in the overall energy mix is decreasing) and an expected...
Waste Management and Electricity Generation in Africa: Developing Waste-to-Energy to the Benefit of Sustainable Cities? Études de l'Ifri, September 2019
With the expansion of modern production and consumption patterns to large African cities, population growth and urbanization, production of municipal waste has risen sharply. Unregulated dumps are becoming numerous and have strong negative health effects by polluting the local environment....
Prospects for the New EU Strategy on India: Game Changer or Business as Usual? Asie.Visions, No. 108, September 2019
The new European Union (EU) strategy on India marks a major moment of departure in EU-India relations.
The Mediterranean region has been identified as one of the most affected regions by climate change endangering human security at the food-water-energy nexus.
With sluggish economies that create few jobs, soaring demographics, international aid often considered as revenue, and a security apparatus unable to protect national territory and its population, are the Sahel states losing control of their own domestic areas?
The Indo-Pacific: A Viable Concept? / Can we Stabilize the Sahel? Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No.3, Autumn 2019
Only devised a few years ago, the concept of the Indo-Pacific seeks to express a new configuration of the world’s globalization. In terms of economic exchange and power distribution, the Indo-Pacific is a unitary region spanning from the Persian Gulf to the Pacific, where all the major powers...
Is the EU Better Prepared for the Next Migration Challenges? Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 3, Autumn 2019
The European Union did respond to the massive influx of migrants in 2015, but with short-term measures, which have widened the divisions between member states.
The major transformations that are occurring on the Chinese gas market have profound repercussions on the global gas and LNG markets, especially on trade, investment and prices. In just two years, China has become the world’s first gas importer and is on track to become the largest importer of...
China’s Quest for Blue Skies: The Astonishing Transformation of the Domestic Gas Market Etudes de l'Ifri, September 2019
China’s gas industry has been moving into a new era. China’s natural gas demand has skyrocketed amid a state campaign that encourages coal-to-gas switching. In just two years, China added 75 billion cubic meters (bcm) to global gas demand, the equivalent of the UK gas market, the second...
Democratization First. The Community Method in CFSP as a Precondition for a European Defense Policy Éditoriaux de l'Ifri, September 2019
The recent calls for the militarization of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) require first a comprehensive democratization of European foreign and security policy.