Our world is becoming increasingly contested and unpredictable and we are trending towards a return of great power strategic competition, characterized by more frequent challenges to the established rules-based international order. As a consequence, the risk of interstate conflict continues to...
With over 150 publications issued each year
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Attention to the Periphery? Germany and the Pacific Island States Lettre du Centre Asie, No. 102, December 21, 2022
In September 2020, Germany adopted policy guidelines for the Indo-Pacific that comprehensively set out its approach towards this increasingly important region, seeking to diversify partnerships beyond China.
Since 2012, the proliferation of jihadist groups across the Sahel has monopolized the attention of the authorities.forced by the threats they represent and the weakening of their regal power, states are gradually withdrawing from their peripheral rural territories. As a result, populations...
Software Power: The Economic and Geopolitical Implications of Open Source Software Etudes de l'Ifri, December 2022
Open source is at the heart of the Internet infrastructure, of the software used by individuals or governments, and of the innovation processes of tech companies. Faced with threats to the security and sustainability of the open source model, governments are getting a hold of the topic, which...
China-Russia Cooperation in Space: The Reality behind the Speeches in Max Bergmann (eds.), Understanding the Broader Transatlantic Security Implications of Greater Sino-Russian Military Alignment, CSIS, December 2022
China-Russia cooperation in space has been increasing for the past two decades. This cooperation accelerated after the Crimea crisis in 2014 and culminated with the announcement in 2021 of the joint construction of the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS).<...>
While a state of siege was declared a year ago in two Congolese provinces and Kenyan authorities organized a meeting in Nairobi between the Congolese government and armed groups, the pacification of the Congolese East remains unresolved. This study looks back at the Tshisekedi government's...
What political spaces make up the Old Continent? This question is at the heart of the Ukrainian conflict.
The “European prospects” of Balkan countries have evolved little since 2003.
The German Government's Support Plan for Households and Businesses: How to Compensate for the Double Energy and Economic Shock? Notes du Cerfa, No. 173, Ifri, December 2022
In response to Russia's illegal attack on Ukraine, EU member states have issued a series of economic sanctions against Russia. This also includes moratoria on certain products, e.g., in the energy sector.