Emmanuel Macron's push in Brussels for European strategic autonomy directly clashes with Recep Tayyip Erdogan's long-term expansion strategy in several key areas.
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
The European Union (EU) is the world’s main trader in agricultural products, with imports totalling €142 billion in 2020. These imported agricultural products include commodities – palm oil, beef, cocoa, coffee, soy, etc. – that are responsible for deforestation in producing countries and...
Developments in Japan’s Defense Strategies and Readiness: Is the Glass Half-Full or Half-Empty? Asie.Visions, No. 124, October 2021
On December 18, 2018, the Japanese government issued its latest National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG), marking another step in Japan’s defense planning and the readiness of the Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF).
The Missing Guest: Energy Efficiency in the Multilateral Energy Arena Briefings de l'Ifri, October 12, 2021
Since the 1970s, energy efficiency has gained visibility as a low hanging fruit – its potential impact on critical issues such as climate change, energy security, or competitiveness is now widely acknowledged, even more so in times of higher energy prices.
Asia-Pacific Mega Trade Deals (RCEP, CPTPP): Which role for the US, and what are the implications for the EU? by Françoise Nicolas in Alica Kizekova (ed.) The Indo-Pacific in the post-Trump era: Expectations and Challenges, IIR, Prag, 2021.
While it has long been reluctant to engage in institution-based regional economic integration, East Asia is now home to two mega trade deals: the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)....
Strategic Calculation: High-Performance Computing and Quantum Computing in Europe’s Quest for Technological Power Études de l’Ifri, October 2021
Computing power plays a key role in enabling machine learning, for scientific research, and in the military domain. Therefore, the race for computing power has become a key element of the US-China technological competition, and it is also a strategic priority for Europe.
A Changing Germany: The Party System Tested in the 2021 German Federal Elections Briefings de l’Ifri, Ifri, October, 5 2021
The German federal elections of September 26, 2021 were marked by the departure of the outgoing chancellor, Angela Merkel, who was not seeking re-election. The scattering of the vote and the high volatility of voters have led to a redefinition of the landscape and geography of parties in...
AUKUS Rocks the Boat in the Indo-Pacific, And It’s Not Good News Lettre du Centre Asie, Ifri, September 29, 2021
For anyone who still harbored doubts, Washington made crystal clear from the announcement of the new trilateral alliance with Australia and the UK (AUKUS) that countering China is its number one priority, and that it will do whatever it takes to succeed. Much has been said about the...
The relationship between Namibia and its historical partners has evolved over the last thirty years since Namibian independence. As in many countries, Namibia has been going through transformation, influenced by the process of globalization. This created new sets of geopolitical challenges and...
Kaliningrad in the Post-Crimea Russia. A Bastion or a Weak Link? Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 124, Ifri, September 2021
Since 2014, Russia’s policies toward Kaliningrad Oblast—its westernmost region located between Lithuania and Poland and physically cut off from Russia’s main body—have undergone notable transformation. One crucial change was the inception of a policy aimed at remilitarization, which has...