As Brexit fast approaches, what can be said about the key issues? Politique étrangère summarizes them with four questions.
Trump’s Trade Wars: The Outcry Against Multilateralism Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
The aim of multilateral trade as established after the Second World War was to prevent trade wars.
In a context defined by the failure of military interventions, multiple attacks, and criticized parliamentary elections, uncertainty reigns over the country.
Mexico’s Energy Reform (hereafter, the Reform) enacted on December 20th 2013, and the Secondary Laws adopted on August 11th 2014, marked a milestone in the history and the development of the Mexican energy sector....
From Meseberg to Nowhere? A Franco-German Impetus for the Eurozone Visions franco-allemandes, No. 29, Ifri, November 2018
This study analyses the joint efforts by France and Germany to bring about a comprehensive reform of the European currency union. These efforts culminated in the joint Meseberg Declaration adopted in June 2018. The article contextualises these efforts with respect to the reforms realised so...
Often described as an “ungoverned area”, the Niger-Libya border is nevertheless at the centre of major economic, political and security challenges. Both the Libyan authorities and the Nigerien state are struggling to establish tight control over this particularly isolated area.
This study analyses the various mechanisms that explain the leakage of the main source wealth in Nigeria at all levels of the production and commercialization of oil and gas, from the wellheads, with the bunkering of pipelines, up to the export of crude oil and the import of refined products,...
Of Walls and Men: Securing African Borders in the 21st Century Focus stratégique, No. 85 bis, November 2018
African borders are well-known for their porosity. Although they are crucial economic interfaces, they also crystallize political and security...
France and Japan: The Indo-Pacific as a Springboard for a Strategic Partnership Natural partners? Europe, Japan and security in the Indo-Pacific, Elcano Policy Paper, November 2018
For decades, the Franco-Japanese partnership has essentially been characterised by a vibrant cultural exchange as well as by sound economic relations. Today Japan is France’s second-largest trading partner in Asia (after China) and its leading Asian investor.
The Indo-Pacific Vision in Strategic Limbo: A Foreign Policy Case Study for the Trump Era Asie Visions, No. 102, November 2018
The Trump Administration’s Indo-Pacific security strategy is a case study in foreign policymaking under a non-unitary executive.