Through development assistance and economic engagement, South Korea has sought to project itself as a different kind of partner for Africa. In reality, it is not so unique.
Armed Violence in the Sahara. Are We Moving From Jihadism to Insurgency? Etudes de l'Ifri, December 2019
While everyone is questioning the effectiveness of the anti-terrorist response in the Sahel, the first challenge is to ensure that the jihadist phenomenon in the Sahel is fully understood.
Japan’s Indo-Pacific Strategy: Shaping a Hybrid Regional Order War on the Rocks, Commentary, 18 December 2019
What does Japan want in the Indo-Pacific? It can be tough to tell, because at the moment, Tokyo seems to be pursuing incompatible aims.
“Smart city” development has become a fashionable policy and research topic. A growing number of central and local governments in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, in partnership with companies from diverse sectors (construction, transport, energy, water, etc), consulting firms, NGOs and...
The Right-wing Extremism in Germany. An Underestimated Threat? Notes du Cerfa, No. 151, Ifri, December 2019
In 2018, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution classified 24,100 people in Germany as right-wing extremists. More than one out of two right-wing extremists is described as “violence-oriented”. These figures demonstrate the high level of threat in the German...
India’s Space Program - International Competition and Evolution Asie.Visions, No. 111, December 2019
India’s space program has grown and evolved significantly in the last five decades. The program originally focused on developing space assets that provided direct developmental benefits, for example telecommunications and remote sensing satellites that helped both in improving communication...
France’s recently launched Indo-Pacific strategy has attracted many critical and sarcastic comments.
South East Asia is an area of utmost importance for Japan’s economic, political and security interests, amounting to “a core strategic interest” for Tokyo.
The Aachen Treaty: The Promise of Convergence for a Divided Couple Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
The numerous commitments made in the Aachen Treaty concealed a wide range of disagreements over defense, the future of the European Union, economic policies, relations with Russia, and so on.
Russia’s Energy Strategy-2035: Struggling to Remain Relevant Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 28, Ifri, December 2019
Russia’s Energy Strategy to 2035 (ES-2035) enters, finally, the home stretch. The Ministry of Energy submitted its version of the document to the Russian Government in early October 2019.