China's Social Credit System remains a poorly understood combination of rating schemes and blacklists, but the consequences for individuals and businesses are very real.
Germany: The Power Out of Phase in : L'Allemagne, 30 ans après - 1989-2019 / Hérodote 4/2019, No. 175
Germany has enjoyed a decade of sustained economic growth, benefiting from a very low unemployment rate and considerable trade and budgetary surpluses. This phase is now coming to an end. Some even believe that the German economic model needs to be rethought.
French Foreign Policy in the Age of Polycrisis in Sicherheit und Frieden, Security and Peace, 3/2019
Under the presidency of Emmanuel Macron, France has set itself the goal of strengthening its international presence, being more proactive and defining the European reform agenda. However, the French room for manoeuver is limited.
The French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) celebrated its 40th anniversary in the spring of 2019, in a completely different environment to when it was founded, which was dominated by the competition between the two “superpowers” of the time, the United States and the...
Digital power refers to any actor’s ability to exploit digital data to help influence the behavior of other actors on the international stage and to achieve its own ends. It is about understanding how it influences events in the real world, despite its “intangible” nature.
30 ans après la chute du Mur. Une Allemagne unifiée, une population désunie Notes du Cerfa, No. 150, Ifri, November 2019
Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, celebrations have taken a disappointing turn. The electoral successes of the far-right German party AfD (Alternative for Germany (in German: Alternative für Deutschland)) in Saxony, Brandenburg and Thuringia in...
Hong Kong : The 2019 Protest Movement and the Future of Autonomy Asie.Visions, No. 109, November 2019
The current protest movement in Hong Kong, which began with the proposed extradition law in June 2019 that would have considerably weakened the judicial border between Hong Kong and Mainland China, has set itself apart from the city’s numerous movements in recent years by its massive following...
Europe’s architecture of security in the current strategic environment: Taking the path toward "strategic autonomy" in Freya Grünhagen and Tobias Koepf, The changing global order – Which role for the European Union?, Genshagener Papiere, No. 23, October 2019
As the world stage is marked by renewed great power competition, Europe lacks proper means to assert and defend its own independent political view. Despite this backdrop, the authors of this report contend that the current stalemate can be overcome with a collective and inclusive approach.
Social Networks: The Fight Against Illegal Content in Germany Notes du Cerfa, No. 149, Ifri, October 2019
The German Legislation on Improving Law Enforcement in Social Networks (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz – NetzDG), which came into force on October 1, 2017, is the legislative response to how social networks handle complaints about illegal content.