EU policy on migration and asylum is being built for the last 20 years. But this process is today on hold although France and Germany support the same position on this matter. However, the “migration crisis” in 2015 highlighted the weakness of the Franco-German alliance and the extend to which...
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Relations Between Europe and Africa Seen Through the Franco-German Prism Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, n° 236, avril-juin 2021
The year 2020 was to be a pivotal year for (re)formulating Europe's Africa strategy. Germany and France were committed to strengthening relations between the two continents and to consolidating them at the sixth summit of the African Union and the European Union, which was postponed because of...
The German Presidency of the EU Council 2020. What Role for Paris and Berlin? Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 236, April-June 2021
The German EU presidency in the second half of 2020 was Angela Merkel’s last presidency, shortly before her chancellorship ends in 2021. It was therefore expected that the Chancellor would use all her experience and influence to achieve positive results.
A “Coronavirus Presidency”: The Consequences of the Health Crisis for the German Presidency of the Council of the EU Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 236, April-June 2021
On July 1, 2020, Germany assumed the six-month EU Council Presidency, at a time of global pandemic crisis. This presidency has thus quickly become a “corona presidency” in its objectives and functioning, itself a victim of the pandemic.
The Free Democratic Party (FDP): Liberal Corrective Again After the 2021 Bundestag Election? Notes du Cerfa, No. 162, Ifri, June 2021
After the regional elections in Rhineland-Palatinate and Baden-Württemberg in March 2021, the FDP is attracting more attention again, mainly because of its traditional role as a coalition party.
Hypersonic systems are becoming attributes of power for the states that design and implement them, at the risk of reviving an arms race.
In the far northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the province of Ituri experienced a decade of relative peace between 2007 and 2017 and is nowadays victim of the resurgence of its historic inter-communal conflict between the Hema and the Lendu.
Can the Biggest Emitters Set Up a Climate Club? A Review of International Carbon Pricing Debates Études de l'Ifri, June 2021
The world’s largest emitting countries are reconsidering the role of carbon pricing instruments and increasingly looking at carbon border adjustment mechanisms (CBAMs) to address leakage concerns. This renewed momentum should trigger a broader discussion on how to make trade policies...
The end of the Trump presidency has demonstrated both the strength of institutions and their weakness.
The Economic and Political Consequences of Falling Oil Production in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2030 Etudes de l'Ifri, June 2021
The sharp rebound in oil prices since the second half of 2020, to nearly $70 per barrel in May 2021, represents only a temporary respite for oil-dependent African economies that must change their economic model very quickly.