This text was published in Politique étrangère in 1979, the year in which the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) was created.
During the 19th century, Westerners provided ideological justifications for their colonization, namely spreading the Enlightenment across the globe.
Between Concentration and Dispersion: A Promising Future for Power Relations Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 1, Spring 2019
The notion of power has long been a topic of study in international relations. In the coming decade, the evolution of power will be characterized by the dynamics of concentration and dispersion.
Will Artificial Intelligence Revolutionize the Art of War? Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
Despite the development of artificial intelligence (AI) only being in its early stages, it has already had an impact on armed forces.
The Rohingya issue involves a complex national and regional history.
Trump’s Trade Wars: The Outcry Against Multilateralism Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
The aim of multilateral trade as established after the Second World War was to prevent trade wars.
In a context defined by the failure of military interventions, multiple attacks, and criticized parliamentary elections, uncertainty reigns over the country.
Understanding the Resilience of the Islamic Republic of Iran Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 3, Autumn 2018
The leaders of Iran nurture regional ambitions, and are conscious of the limits of their country’s power.
The Geopolitics of Artificial Intelligence: The Return of Empires? Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 3, Autumn 2018
Artificial intelligence (AI) is swiftly moving forward and becoming a real tool of power.
Cyberattacks are becoming more frequent and more sophisticated.