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With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.

111 Résultats
By: Cécile KEREBEL

An agreement has been reached last December on the Climate and Energy Package proposed by the European Commission to achieve two of the objectives set up by the European Council in March 2007: a 20% reduction of EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020 compared to 1990 levels (a 30% reduction...

By: Cécile KEREBEL

The European Union, through its multiple levels of governance, often produces curious legislative acts. The “Climate and energy package,” unveiled to much fanfare on January 23rd by the European Commission at a press conference given by no less than four of its Commissioners at its...


The process of power market liberalisation pushed by the European Commission since two decades is entering a new phase with the debate over the ownership and regulation of energy transport infrastructure. The issue is at the heart of the process of dismantling vertically integrated national...


Although there is now a broad consensus of opinions regarding the reality of climate change, strategies differ for reducing global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. While countries that have ratified the Kyoto protocol are working to find its replacement (the protocol"s commitment...