The end of 2023 is due to mark a turning point in Georgian history. In December, the European Council will decide whether to award the country European Union (EU) candidate status.
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
Ifri publishes four types of electronic publications: Études de l’Ifri, Notes de l’Ifri, Briefings de l’Ifri and Éditoriaux de l’Ifri.
Notes de l’Ifri are policy papers of around thirty pages. They are divided into thematic collections supervised by the various research units of Ifri.
Decarbonizing European Cities: How to Speed Up and Build Synergies? Notes de l'Ifri, Ifri, November 2023
Cities are on the front line for enabling governments to meet their commitments under the Paris Agreement. Although cities occupy only 2% of the earth’s surface, they are home to between 50 and 60% of the world’s population (70% by 2050 according to the United Nations), account for two-thirds...
Sudan in Turkey’s African Geopolitics: A Sotto Voce Experience in a Coveted Region Notes de l'Ifri, Ifri, November 2023
Since the launch of the Opening Plan to Africa in 2003, Turkey's African policy has spread to the whole of the African continent, where its involvement is distinguished by its scope and diversity.
Russia’s New Challenges in the Baltic/Northern European Theater Russie.Eurasie.Visions, No. 130, Ifri, November 2023
The long war in Ukraine has brought a drastic geopolitical reconfiguration of the Baltic theater and a deep shift in the military balance between Russia and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
The National DDR Policy for Boko Haram Ex-Combatants in the Extreme North of Cameroon. Issues, Challenges and Limits Notes de l'Ifri, October 2023
Surprised and harassed by Boko Haram’s atrocities from mid-2013, the Cameroonian authorities initially responded with strong military and judicial responses that helped to contain the threat and regain control of the situation.
Towards a New European Trade Strategy in Times of Geopolitical Upheaval: The German Perspective Notes du Cerfa, No. 176, Ifri, October 2023
As one of the most successful trading blocs, the European Union (EU) sees itself confronted with the erosion of the global rules-based trading system and trade becoming increasingly weaponized.
The End of a Happy Parenthesis. How the War in UkraineI Is Forcing Germany to Rethink Its Model Notes du Cerfa, No. 175, Ifri, September 2023
The period of peace, economic prosperity, and political stability that Germany has experienced since the end of the Cold War ends with the Ukrainian war. The shock wave of this conflict particularly hit its economy and thereby undermines the foundations on which Germany had based its power,...
Ethics and Responsibility in Space Exploration: The Rise of Soft Law to Regulate New Practices Notes de l'Ifri, September 2023
International agreements constitute an integral part of the normative framework crafted to ensure the effective governance of space-based operations. These agreements serve as foundational elements of "hard law," constituting binding legal norms that govern space activities. In conjunction...
Fiscal Policy in France and Germany: Insurmountable Differences? Visions franco-allemandes, No. 34, Ifri, September 2023
The state of public finances in France and Germany is often compared. Germany is considered a model of rigor, through its ability to contain its deficits and generate surpluses, particularly between 2012 and 2019, thanks to the introduction into its constitution of a debt brake mechanism. ...
High-Intensity Warfare: What Challenges for the French Armed Forces? Notes de l’Ifri, Ifri, July 2023
The new French Military Programming Law for 2024-2030 resolutely commits the French armed forces to the path of high intensity. However, this term continues to be the subject of debate and confusion within the defense community.