The geopolitical shadow of the Gulf now extends far beyond the Middle East as a function the external dealings of Iran and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula.
The economies of the Persian Gulf are highly dependent on their petrol exports, particularly to Asia.
Amid the shift in major powers, the Persian Gulf is asserting its position at the heart of the Middle East.
The Aachen Treaty: The Promise of Convergence for a Divided Couple Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
The numerous commitments made in the Aachen Treaty concealed a wide range of disagreements over defense, the future of the European Union, economic policies, relations with Russia, and so on.
A World of Law? / France and Germany: What's Behind the Mask Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
What is the role of law in international relations today that increasingly seem to favour assertions of power?
South Africa held general elections in May 2019. The African National Congress (ANC) emerged victorious, but failed to win over a majority of registered voters.
Law: An Economic and Geopolitical Weapon of the United States Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
From the 2000s, the United States has developed an extraterritorial legal policy that began with fighting corruption but has since broadened considerably.
Historically, the Franco-German “couple” provided a justification for the European project, and for the Europe that emerged from the collapse of the bipolar order.
With sluggish economies that create few jobs, soaring demographics, international aid often considered as revenue, and a security apparatus unable to protect national territory and its population, are the Sahel states losing control of their own domestic areas?
The Indo-Pacific: A Viable Concept? / Can we Stabilize the Sahel? Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No.3, Autumn 2019
Only devised a few years ago, the concept of the Indo-Pacific seeks to express a new configuration of the world’s globalization. In terms of economic exchange and power distribution, the Indo-Pacific is a unitary region spanning from the Persian Gulf to the Pacific, where all the major powers...