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Publications

Editorials

L'Ifri édite trois types de publications électroniques : les études, les notes et les éditoriaux. Les éditoriaux constituent le format le plus court. Ils permettent à leurs auteurs de réagir rapidement à l'actualité.

List of Editorials :
377 Résultats
25/01/2019
By: Mikaa MERED

According to a 2008 estimate, the Arctic hosts approximately 412 billion barrels of oil equivalent of conventional oil and gas resources. And since then, following the so-called shale revolution and technology improvements, numbers have gone even higher. 

22/01/2019
By: Barbara KUNZ, Ronja KEMPIN

On 22 January 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel sign the Treaty of Aachen on “Franco-German Cooperation and Integration.” The document is set to complement the original Elysée Treaty from 1963, signed by President Charles de Gaulle and Chancellor Konrad...

18/12/2018
By: Anna FICHTMÜLLER

The middle classes have at times been heralded to be a guarantee for democracy. Studies that find a positive correlation (which should not be confused with causation) often use national economic data as a proxy for class and compare it to the current regime type.

18/12/2018
By: Cécile PELAUDEIX

Interest in deep seabed mining is growing due to the increasing in global demand for metals and recent technological progress. Critical metals are used in low carbon energy technologies, as well as in the mobility, electronics and the defense industries. Metals become strategic when they are...

10/12/2018
By: Raphaël DANINO-PERRAUD

In September 2010, China stopped all exports of rare earths and associated products to Japan, depriving Japan’s industry of essential raw materials. This decision highlighted the tensions around the trade of critical materials and China’s monopoly on a group of particular metals. Western...