From the dawn of China’s space program in the mid-1950s to the ability to build, launch and operate satellites in low Earth and geosynchronous orbits from the 1980s, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is in 2021 a complete space power with autonomous access to outer space and to deep-space...
L'Ifri édite trois types de publications électroniques : les études, les notes et les éditoriaux. Les études constituent le format le plus long. Elles sont le produit d'un travail de recherche poussé et visent à développer une analyse approfondie.
Strategic Risk Reduction between Nuclear-Weapons Possessors Proliferation Papers, No. 63, January 2021
The topic of nuclear risk reduction has gained momentum in the international security debate among policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, and experts.
With the advent of New Space, Russia is engaged in a race against time to preserve one of its major industrial assets.
How the French Understand Immigrant Integration and Citizenship Études de l’Ifri, Ifri, December 2020
On December 9, 2020 will be celebrated the 115th anniversary of the 1905 law on French secularism (laïcité). On the very same day, a new law project will be presented by the French government, with the objective of further strengthening the “republican values” in order...
The Outsider: Russia in the Race for Artificial Intelligence Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 34, Ifri, December 2020
When analyzing the global state of play around artificial intelligence (AI), Russia so far looks like an “outsider” compared to the two technological leaders, the United States and China.
Promoting political values (democracy, human rights and the rule of law) in China is a colossal undertaking, but the EU could be more effective than we think. To do so, it must act strategically, in unity, and in concert with like-minded partners. It must also strengthen its record of...
Current and Future Trends in Chinese Counterspace Capabilities Proliferation Papers, No. 62, November 2020
China is in the midst of a long-term effort to develop a world-class space program with a strong military and national security component.
The COVID-19 crisis has been a catalyst for a surge in the GovTech market, while triggering debate around the use of new technologies in the public health response to the pandemic. More broadly, the health crisis has shed a new light on the strategic importance of some domains relevant to...
Israeli Cyberpower: The Unfinished Development of the Start-up Nation? Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2020
Israel’s economic success in the cyber sector is undeniable. It is due to the development of an ecosystem encouraging the mastery of digital innovation.
The Gabonese Opposition Diaspora in France: A Political Mobilisation in the Context of the 2016 Post-electoral Crisis Etudes de l'Ifri, October 2020
The Gabonese opposition diaspora in France has become politically influential. Diasporic actors criticize the Ali Bongo regime and the weak organisation of the Gabonese opposition. They could change the political destiny of the country.