The major transformations that are occurring on the Chinese gas market have profound repercussions on the global gas and LNG markets, especially on trade, investment and prices. In just two years, China has become the world’s first gas importer and is on track to become the largest importer of...
L'Ifri édite trois types de publications électroniques : les études, les notes et les éditoriaux. Les études constituent le format le plus long. Elles sont le produit d'un travail de recherche poussé et visent à développer une analyse approfondie.
China’s Quest for Blue Skies: The Astonishing Transformation of the Domestic Gas Market Etudes de l'Ifri, September 2019
China’s gas industry has been moving into a new era. China’s natural gas demand has skyrocketed amid a state campaign that encourages coal-to-gas switching. In just two years, China added 75 billion cubic meters (bcm) to global gas demand, the equivalent of the UK gas market, the second...
La compétition stratégique en Afrique : approches militaires américaine, chinoise et russe Focus stratégique, No. 91, August 2019
While it was left behind from power politics for the last decades, Africa is at the core of a renewed attention from global powers.
Another Story from the "Refugee Crisis". Resettlement in Small Towns and Rural Areas in France Etudes de l'Ifri
Since 2015, refugee resettlement programmes have grown significantly in Europe becoming a key component of European asylum strategy. In 2017, Emmanuel Macron committed to resettle in France 10,000 refugees until the end of 2019. Refugees from Syria and Africa are increasingly welcome in small...
Information dominance through the exploitation of the electromagnetic spectrum has become a cornerstone of military superiority. However, it is now threatened by increasingly advanced electronic warfare capabilities.
Although the first and foremost domain in the history of warfare, Land power has been dissociated from the concept of “strategic forces” for some time now, as these generally referred to long-range and/or high-yield strike capabilities, above all nuclear weapons.
Emirates Airline, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways: Global Airline Companies Promoting the International Position and Reputation of Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Qatar Etudes de l'Ifri, July 2019
Airports in the Gulf emirates are major transit hubs in global airline networks today. Apart from their “advantageous” geographical location, their development results primarily from the ambitions of political actors seeking to maintain their power. This has led especially to the creation of...
Greater Eurasia: The Emperor’s New Clothes or an Idea whose Time Has Come? Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 27, Ifri, July 2019
The Greater Eurasia project has emerged as the poster-child of Vladimir Putin’s foreign policy, symbolic of a resurgent and self-confident Russia.
For the second consecutive year, the coal sector registered good results in 2018. Global coal demand continues to increase (+0.7% in 2018), reversing the trend observed in 2015-16. Coal accounted for 26% of global primary energy consumption, maintaining its position as the second-largest...
La fourmilière du général : le commandement opérationnel face aux enjeux de haute intensité Focus stratégique, n° 89, June 2019
Operational command structures have always been able to adapt to the strategic context. However, they now face a new challenge: high intensity threats.