Although the United States is less active in Africa than France, their security policies on the continent often have shared objectives and are sometimes pursued jointly. While the urgency of humanitarian crises has been at the centre of foreign interventions...
Africa on the International Scene
The Africa on the International Scene research axis whithin Ifri's Sub-Saharan Africa Center aims at analyzing the African policies established by the traditional partners of the African continent (France, UK, etc.) as well as by the emerging States (China, Turkey, Brazil, etc.).
For the new geopolitical reality called “Chinafrica”, the future may not be destined to be as radiant as the official win-win rhetoric would have us believe. Although the beginning of the century was notable for the exponential development of Sino-African trade (which grew from $10 ...
The European Union's Development Aid : from Development to Security, the Example of the European Development Fund
In the course of its institutional development and the expansion of its activities, the European Union (EU) has tended to pile up rather than to rationalize its policies, creating a financial tool per objective. As a result, the European funds have become a labyrinth, for which management...
South Africa and the Arab Spring: opportunities to match diplomacy goals and strategies Actuelles de l'Ifri, April 19th, 2012
This paper highlights how the Arab Spring magnified a two-dimensional gap in South Africa’s foreign policy. First that South Africa does not have a vision which reconciles demands for achieving the goals of protecting human rights, sovereignty, and multilateralism; second, that its strategies...
The question of the Chinese presence in Madagascar is very accurate. It is an opportunity for us to portray the sino-madagarscan relations.
The Architect and Fragile States: Development Assistance's Contribution to Global Security Etudes de l'Ifri, December 2011
Up to Europe’s threshold in the middle of Sahara and Sahel region, a growing insecurity led beyond mere reconsideration of field practice to a whole change of paradigm for multilateral and bilateral aid institutions.
Trafficking in the Sahel-Saharan Zone: Features and Stakes Notes de l'Ifri, 2010, "The Maghreb in its regional and international environment" Program
On November 5th 2009, a cocaine-loaded Boeing 727 aircraft arriving from Venezuela was discovered torched and emptied on a makeshift airstrip in the Malian desert (Gao region). The Sahel-Saharan area is clearly a contact zone between very distant worlds.
Morocco and its "New Border". A Critical Lecture of Morocco's Economic African Strategy Notes de l'Ifri, 2010, "The Maghreb in its regional and international environment" Program
Since Mohammed VI came into power, Morocco’s African policy has undergone notable change in comparison to his predecessor’s period.
Tuaregs' Relations to States: The Case of Algeria and Libya Notes de l'Ifri, 2010, "The Maghreb in its regional and international environment" Program
The industrial revolution underwent by Europe in the 18th century has triggered the need for the major colonial powers to find new markets for their manufactured products. It is in this colonial competitive framework that European explorers delivered information about the different access...
Arabs and Tuaregs in Colonial and Malian Armed Forces: A Story in Trompe-l'Oeil Notes de l'Ifri, 2010, "The Maghreb in its regional and international environment" Program
This contribution consists in analyzing the unifying or opposing relations between the central State-power and the southern part of central-Saharan populations, mainly Arabs and Tuaregs, within the relational framework of colonial and Malian armed forces. The French Colonial State and the...