Has Madagascar really emerged from the crisis which started in 2009? In purely formal terms, it is customary to consider that the December 2013 presidential election ended a political sequence of relative institutional paralysis since the coup in March 2009 and the transitional...
The Security Issues research axis of Ifri's Sub-Saharan Africa Center explores the security stakes at play in the Sahel and in the Great Lakes regions. It notably examines the armed movements, the economies of illicit trades and the tensions surounding natural ressources.
Retours sur Sangaris. Entre stabilisation et protection des civils Focus stratégique, No. 67, April 2016
In December 2013, France launched its operation Sangaris in the Central African Republic. What conclusions can be drawn for the stabilization of the country and the protection of civilians?
Reflections on 17 years of UN presence in the Democratic Republic of Congo Note de l'Ifri, April 2016
Since 2013 and the victory of the Congolese armed forces and the United Nations over the last serious threat against the regime - the 23 March (M23) movement-, the question of the relevance of the UN presence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is raised again.
Although the United States is less active in Africa than France, their security policies on the continent often have shared objectives and are sometimes pursued jointly. While the urgency of humanitarian crises has been at the centre of foreign interventions...
Nigeria has experienced a political changeover due to the presidential and parliamentary elections on 28 March 2015, enabling Muhammadu Buhari – a retired general who was in power between 1983 and 1985...
Since gaining independence in 1960, Somalia has enjoyed only a few periods of stability.
Regionalizing Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea: A Short-term Solution Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 3, Autumn 2015
Piracy and armed robbery at sea are a threat to security in the hydrocarbon-rich Gulf of Guinea.
Thinking and Anticipating the Socio-Economic Impacts of the Humanitarian Response in the Central African Republic Notes de l'Ifri, July 2015
Nowadays, the Central African Republic (CAR) is a country dependent on international aid.
South Sudan is still neither a state nor a nation. Torn apart by ethnic rivalries, divided between diverging ideas about state organization, its only means of political dialogue is war.
Boko Haram, an Exception within the Jihadist Movement? Politique étrangère, Vol. 80, No. 2, Summer 2015
Boko Haram was created in 2002 and has been led since 2010 by Abubakar Shekau; however, we still know little about it.