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Energy and Climate, major geopolitical issues

The Ifri Centre for Energy draws the attention of public and private decision makers on the geopolitical factors influencing global energy markets, and assesses their economic, political and environmental implications for French and European policies in the short and long-term. The areas of research of the Centre for Energy cover the geopolitics of hydrocarbons, the European energy markets, the transformation of the electricity sector, the energy policies of emerging economies, the fight against climate change and the geopolitical dimension of the European energy transition.

With its notes and research papers as well as closed-door seminars, the Centre for Energy is conducting forefront research, benefitting from regular exchanges with international experts and stakeholders. These works feed into the researchers’ frequent interventions in the media and international conferences. Gathering in Brussels the key stakeholders of the energy sector, the Ifri Energy Breakfast Roundtables have now become major European events.

Organisation of the Centre

The governance structure of the Centre ensures that our work is independent and of the highest quality and relevance.

The Steering Committee gathers representatives from the Centre’s partners, the Director of Ifri, and the Director of the Centre for Energy. Meetings of the Steering Committee provide our partners the opportunity to express their views on the general orientation of the Centre.

The Centre also benefits from contributions of a wide network of researchers and experts in the energy field in Europe and the world. Traditionally, Ifri maintains close ties with a large number of research institutions that contribute to the work of the Ifri Centre for Energy.

The Center is financed by Ifri partner institutions, organisations and companies as presented in the activity report.

This area deals with global geopolitical trends of the oil, gas and coal sectors, with a focus on short and longer term trends in demand and supply.
This area focuses on the economic and geopolitic transformation of the electricity sector, at French, European and global levels. A specific attention is devoted to the future of the nuclear industry and the strong development of renewable energy sources.
This area examines the major policy regulatory issues of the European internal and external energy policies, with a focus on the integration of energy markets and the deployment of low-carbon technologies. 
This area deals with the climate change policies adopted at national levels, as well as the positions of the main emitting countries in the international climate negociations. In particular, this area focuses on the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate and global efforts to reduce...

The energy sector is one where the break between the Trump and Obama administrations is the most pronounced. The three officials in charge, Rick Perry at the Department of Energy (DoE), Scott Pruitt at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Ryan Zinke at the head of the Department of...


The signing in January 2009 of the gas supply and transit contracts between Gazprom and Naftogaz marked a turning point in Russian-Ukrainian gas relations: yearly intergovernmental, last minute and non-transparent winter deals were replaced by a predictable, long term commercial relationship....


Shortly after his inauguration in May 2017, the President of South Korea, Moon Jae-In, announced a major policy shift away from nuclear and coal power, and toward renewables and gas. This would have meant a complete U-turn from previous policies, considering that nuclear and coal produced 40%...


With the launch of its “battery alliance”, the European Union is finally taking up the industrial battle with Asia and hopes to meet a large share of the surging demand for electrical batteries. Yet, the clock is ticking and the future of battery manufacturing in Europe depends primarily on...


The acceleration of the digitization of energy infrastructure has brought many economic benefits, including  greater efficiency in the rationalization of energy consumption. However, this has also increased the risk of cyberattacks, where malicious software is able to take advantage of...


Following difficult years for the European gas industry, natural gas is back to the front stage. Given its environmental credentials, its flexibility, its performance and the variety of its uses, gas has a key role to play in the reduction of green house gas emissions, the improvement of air...


President Trump’s administration is characterized by its systematic denial and repealing of measures from his predecessor, be it in foreign policy or domestic policy. This is particularly the case for the energy and environmental policies. There is however a continuity from one administration...

Wednesday 28 March 2018
from 09:00 to 11:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

The European Union (EU) is speeding up the deployment of electric vehicles and integrating large shares of intermittent renewables into its electricity grids. In doing so, the EU hopes to tackle climate change and air pollution concerns, but it cannot neglect the geo-economic shifts that a...

Wednesday 21 March 2018
from 15:00 to 16:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

The Gazprom-Naftogaz arbitration procedure totalling around USD 125 billion in mutual claims at the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce has finally come to an end following two awards from December 2017 and February 2018. Naftogaz has won a net USD 2.56 billion, the take...

Tuesday 05 December 2017
from 09:00 to 12:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Stakes are high given the tensions and uncertainties over the future routes for the transport of Russian gas to Europe: the Nord Stream 2 and Turkstream projects are challenging the role of Ukraine at a time when European gas markets have been undergoing major regulatory changes and when the...

Wednesday 29 November 2017
from 17:00 to 19:00 - Ifri Conferences

The Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA) and the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) present the World Energy Outlook 2017. The annual World Energy Outlook (WEO) is the International Energy Agency’s flagship publication, used as a reference by both governments and the...

Thursday 16 November 2017
from 09:00 to 11:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

There is a sustained global demand growth for gas. Ample production and large investments into LNG export infrastructures in Australia and the USA and into receiving terminals all over the world are boosting trade, supported by lower prices and more flexible supplies....

Thursday 23 February 2017
from 09:00 to 11:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

The energy sector experiences an unprecedented digital transformation upsetting its activities and business models. The convergence of the global industrial system with the power of advanced computing and analytics reveals untapped opportunities at every step of the energy...

Tuesday 13 December 2016
from 17:00 to 19:00 - Ifri Conferences

The United Kingdom faces numerous long term energy challenges, in a context of declining gas reserves, aging thermal power plants and increasing intermittent sources of power. To sustain its energy transition, the UK implemented a carbon price-floor, yet the development of renewable energy...


PARIS — The United States may have withdrawn from the Paris climate change accord, but on Tuesday dozens of world leaders and philanthropists met to find solutions to the swiftly warming planet — and send a message of resolve to the White House. More symbolic than policy-driven, Tuesday’s...


Vincent Thouvenin, Director for European Affairs of RTE, explains the role and challenges faced by transmission system operators in the energy transition at the 2030 horizon, and how the Clean Energy Package will accompany the transformation of our electricity systems.

By: Carole MATHIEU,  interview published in

A year after the landmark COP21 climate discussions, the ambitious Paris Agreement entered into force just before COP22 began in Marrakech, Marrocco. With this latest round of talks new over, Carole Mathieu of Ifri debriefs Nuclear Report on what happened in Marrakech, the importance of the...