Evolutionist theories tend to sacrifice agriculture to the benefit of industrial development and services. Food production must be developed instead, especially since it is central to the future of Africa. To achieve this aim, African agriculture must be protected from more efficient...
Created in 2007, the Africa Studies Center of the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) works to address cross-disciplinary issues that the African continent is facing. The Center achieves its mission through quality analyses available in various formats. Launched in 2008, l’Afrique en questions concerns topics of broad and current interest. Policy Papers and Reports published by the Center give deeper analyses.
Aimed at renewing interpretative frameworks and nurturing public debate, the Center’s expertise offers helpful tools in policy-making towards Africa. The Center also provides analyses for some key actors in Africa such as the French Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministère des Armées), the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères), International Crisis Group, OECD or World Bank.
Publications are combined with public events where politicians, academics, companies and civil society can promote dialogue about Africa and share analytical tools.
Be sure to check out Afrique Décryptages, the African Studies Center’s blog
This blog provides information regarding the Center activities. Publication announcements, conference reports as well as links to our researchers’ public appearances. Afrique Décryptages also works as a forum where researchers are free to share their opinions about topical issues in order to stimulate debates and discussions.
The research of the program revolves around the following themes:
(1) Social and economic mutations of Africa
- The middle-class emergence and its consumption pattern
- African cities and the urbanization of the continent
- The competition for land
- The State evolution and governance issues
(2) Africa in international relations
- The traditional partners’ African policies (France, United Kingdom…)
- The emerging partners’ African policies (China, Turkey, Brazil)
- Governance and geopolitics of the extractive sector
(3) Security matters
- Security situation in Sahel
- Trafficking economies
Consult this page (French only) to get on to our latest publications
Candide in Congo. The Expected Failure of Security Sector Reform (SSR) Focus stratégique, No. 9 bis, April 2009
From Afghanistan to the Central African Republic, through Haiti and Guinea Bissau, 'failed' or fragile states have finally turned out to be much more resilient than planned to the Security Sector Reforms (SSR) and other imported reforms of governance. Their ability to let any reform coming...
What are the prospects after the nomination of Zimbabwe's national unity government? L'Afrique en Questions, No. 6, April 24, 2009
Summary: Following repeated bouts of political violence, which were exacerbated by the presidential and legislative elections of 29 March 2008, opposition members and the government of Zimbabwe undertook lengthy and difficult negotiations to put an end to the unrest. These negotiations...
Summary : In the last fifteen years, the Kivus have been prey to a series of violent episodes that have led to humanitarian crises of great magnitude. Mechanisms of economic predation, land issues, interference from neighboring countries, or ethnic issues have often been cited to...
Summary: The scale of the violence which has hit Madagascar has taken many commentators by surprise. However, early warning signs were visible over the last few months. The origin of this crisis can be linked to President Ravalomanana's management of political, economic and social...
How to reform peacemaking in the Democratic Republic of Congo: When peace processes become international "systems of organized action" Note de l'Ifri, February 2009
Summary: This discussion paper proposes an analysis of incompleteness peace processes in Eastern Congo which have resulted in a stalemate - a stalemate which has encouraged the conflict's actors to prioritize using force in order to impose " their solution " (victorious blitzkrieg from...
Nicolas Sarkozy's African Policy: Severing or Continuity? Assane Thiam, Politique étrangère, 4:2008 (Winter).'Le président élu va-t-il mener la politique souhaitée ? Les premiers signaux sont encourageants et à première vue témoignent d’une rupture. Mais à y regarder de près, ils risquent...
Buy the article on CAIRN websiteAbstract
Before and during his presidential campaign, Nicolas Sarkozy wished to improve the French policy in Africa. Nonetheless, quarrels among « ancient » and « moderns » seem to survive, sending mixed signals:...
Thabo Mbeki's Fall and Succession: Interview with Thierry Vircoulon L'Afrique en questions, No. 4, November 2008
Summary: South Africa's president since 1999, Thabo Mbeki was forced to resign before the end of his mandate after he lost the trust of ANC, his own party. This dismissal happens at a time when South Africa's economical and social context becomes confused. (The Text in English is going...
Economic Partnership Agreements: an Essential Step on the Path Towards Regional Integration and Trade Liberalisation Note de l'Ifri, November 2008
Summary: Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)are presented by the European Union as a remedy, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, to issues such as the Weakness in size of Markets or the Trade weaknesses between the different African economies. However, this new tool is far from...
The Sub-Saharan Africa program and its Associate Fellows are accustomed to sharing their expertise with the media. Our experts mainly speak French, but they can also intervene in English. Consult our researchers’ geographic and thematic specialties on their profile.
Find out about Afrique Décryptages, the blog of the Ifri Sub-Saharan Africa program.
This blog is an information space on the program's activities. On these pages you will find our publication announcements, conference reports, as well as web links to our researchers’ lectures in the media. This blog is also a place for the program researchers to express themselves, and you will regularly find their points of view and original analysis on topical subjects in short formats meant to spark debate.
Follow us on Twitter @AfriDecryptages