At the heart of the European project, the Franco-German tandem provides impetus for further integration within the EU. However, Brussels is yet to decide which direction it wants to take, and the French and Germans still have to agree on their position with regards to economics,...
Domestic Politics – 2021 Elections
The Domestic Politics – Elections research axis within the Committee on Franco-German Relations at Ifri provides an analysis of the German domestic politics, its dynamics, the evolution of the party systems, and the electoral geography of the German Federal Republic. It tackles the relations between the political sphere and society and economic structures. A particular attention is payed to the electoral process in the different “Länder” because of the specificities of the German federal system. The recent political evolutions, with the emergence of new forms of coalitions in the different “Länder” as well as the persistent differences in the political behaviors between East and West Germany, 30 years after the reunification, will influence political evolutions at the federal level (“Bund”).
2021 will be a “super election year” in Germany („Superwahljahr”). The federal elections of September 26th, 2021 will determine the coalition which will lead Germany in the coming four years and the leader who will succeed Angela Merkel as future Chancellor. In parallel, elections will be organized in six “Länder”. Three elections will take place in Spring and will serve as a “test” for a possible coalition at the federal level (on March 14th, 2021 in Rhineland-Palatinate and in Baden-Württemberg and on June 6th, 2021 in Saxony-Anhalt). Three other elections will take place on the very same day as the federal elections, on September 26th (Berlin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and Thuringia).
The Cerfa at Ifri will analyze these topics along numerous “Notes du Cerfa” and public events which will help understand electoral campaigns, but also the overarching consequences of the election results on the Franco German cooperation at the regional and national level and on the role, Germany embodies on the European and international stage.
In recent years, Germany’s Africa politics have been characterized by proactive international initiatives and the claim for a "partnership at eye level". However, a look at the power constellations of its cooperation indicates that inequalities are – contrary to Germany’s own claims – rather...
Towards Geopolitical German Development Cooperation? Recent History, Current Trends, and Future Prospects Notes du Cerfa, No. 165, Ifri, July 2021
German development cooperation (GDC) in a post-Merkel era can be expected to become more geopolitical. Recently adopted German policy documents like the Indo-Pacific guidelines as well as the support to the geopolitical ambition of the European Commission suggest such a tendency for future...
Advancing Europe: Green for Danger? Internationale Politik Quarterly, Summer 2021 Issue: Europe after Merkel
In France, the prospect of the Greens entering the German government this fall raises both hopes and fears.
The SPD Between Programmatic Reorientations and Political Continuity? Notes du Cerfa, No. 164, Ifri, July 2021
Just like most of the European Social-Democratic parties, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) has been going through a major crisis for several decades. Its centrism that got Gerhard Schröder elected in 1998 and 2002 is seen as a betrayal by the party's traditional...
As an essential platform for multilateralism, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has always been important to German diplomacy, although in varying degrees. Historically, Germany’s support for the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe...
The Free Democratic Party (FDP): Liberal Corrective Again After the 2021 Bundestag Election? Notes du Cerfa, No. 162, Ifri, June 2021
After the regional elections in Rhineland-Palatinate and Baden-Württemberg in March 2021, the FDP is attracting more attention again, mainly because of its traditional role as a coalition party.
The German Presidency of the EU Council 2020. What Role for Paris and Berlin? Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 236, April-June 2021
The German EU presidency in the second half of 2020 was Angela Merkel’s last presidency, shortly before her chancellorship ends in 2021. It was therefore expected that the Chancellor would use all her experience and influence to achieve positive results.
A “Coronavirus Presidency”: The Consequences of the Health Crisis for the German Presidency of the Council of the EU Allemagne d'aujourd'hui, No. 236, April-June 2021
On July 1, 2020, Germany assumed the six-month EU Council Presidency, at a time of global pandemic crisis. This presidency has thus quickly become a “corona presidency” in its objectives and functioning, itself a victim of the pandemic.
What Is Left and to Whom? Germany’s Left-wing Party Die Linke and the Search for Its Identity Notes du Cerfa, No.161, Ifri, May 2021
In late February 2021, Germany’s left-wing party Die Linke gave themselves a new party executive. The new team is supposed to lead the party into the federal elections in September and, if possible, into a national center-left government.
The Aftermath of the 2021 German Federal Election - Analysis of the Results and Implications for Europe Webinar, Heinrich Böll Stiftung Brussels - European Unionsucc
On September 26, 2021, German Federal Elections will be held, and mark the end of the Merkel era. The political equation is likely to be complicated because of the possible combinations and the difficulty for political parties to achieve a stable majority. Important choices are at stake for...
Buoyant from its best election result in 10 years, Germany's liberal FDP party looks set to play a outsized role in coalition negotiations to form the next government.
Angela Merkel has governed Germany for 16 years and proven a reliable ally both in Europe and for the world. Will her party colleague hoping to succeed her follow in her footsteps or diverge from her path in order to forge his own legacy?
German Chancellor Merkel has met with French President Macron in what could be her final working visit to France. Some analysts say their cooperation should have produced more results.
The Franco-German relationship is more important than ever in order to deal with international crises and to develop a common European Foreign and Security Policy.
Macron set to become the uncontested leader of Europe with German chancellor’s exit. Chancellor Angela Merkel was not naturally inclined to focus on Franco-German relations. “She comes from the former East Germany, and her experience was of east bloc countries, especially ...