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Domestic Politics – 2021 Elections

Salle plénière du parlement allemand (Deutscher Bundestag)
Salle plénière du parlement allemand (Deutscher Bundestag)

The Domestic Politics – Elections research axis within the Committee on Franco-German Relations at Ifri provides an analysis of the German domestic politics, its dynamics, the evolution of the party systems, and the electoral geography of the German Federal Republic. It tackles the relations between the political sphere and society and economic structures. A particular attention is payed to the electoral process in the different “Länder” because of the specificities of the German federal system. The recent political evolutions, with the emergence of new forms of coalitions in the different “Länder” as well as the persistent differences in the political behaviors between East and West Germany, 30 years after the reunification, will influence political evolutions at the federal level (“Bund”).

2021 will be a “super election year” in Germany („Superwahljahr”). The federal elections of September 26th, 2021 will determine the coalition which will lead Germany in the coming four years and the leader who will succeed Angela Merkel as future Chancellor. In parallel, elections will be organized in six “Länder”. Three elections will take place in Spring and will serve as a “test” for a possible coalition at the federal level (on March 14th, 2021 in Rhineland-Palatinate and in Baden-Württemberg and on June 6th, 2021 in Saxony-Anhalt). Three other elections will take place on the very same day as the federal elections, on September 26th (Berlin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and Thuringia).

The Cerfa at Ifri will analyze these topics along numerous “Notes du Cerfa” and public events which will help understand electoral campaigns, but also the overarching consequences of the election results on the Franco German cooperation at the regional and national level and on the role, Germany embodies on the European and international stage.

Éric-André MARTIN

Secretary General of the Study Committee on Franco-German Relations (Cerfa)

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Paul MAURICE

Research Fellow, Study Committee on Franco-German Relations (Cerfa) 

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Marie KRPATA

Research Fellow, Study Committee on Franco-German Relations (Cerfa) 

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Hans STARK

Counselor on Franco-German relations at Ifri

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04/05/2021
By: Thorsten HOLZHAUSER

In late February 2021, Germany’s left-wing party Die Linke gave themselves a new party executive. The new team is supposed to lead the party into the federal elections in September and, if possible, into a national centre-left government.

14/04/2021

In Germany's parliamentary democracy, political parties play an important role in mandating Bundeswehr missions abroad and in overseeing their deployment. The political debate on these deployments is polarized between opponents, who are called “pacifists”, and supporters, who are called ...

10/03/2021
By: Ulrich EITH

Baden-Württemberg's economic and social structure offered good starting conditions for center-right parties from the beginning, which the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) initially knew how to use for itself. From 1953 to 2011 the Prime Minister belonged to the CDU. In 2011 the...

12/01/2021
By: Annette LENSING

In the context of increasing awareness of the climate crisis, environmental parties across the EU obtained high scores in the European elections of May 2019, reaching 20% in Germany, 17% in Ireland, 16% in Finland and 13 % in France. Meanwhile, far-right parties gained strength.

10/12/2020
By: Frank DECKER

Since 2018, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union) has been confronted with a long-lasting leadership crisis. Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Merkel’s favorite candidate for the position of party leader, was not able to maintain herself at the top of the...

20/10/2020
By: David CAPITANT

In its judgment of 5 May 2020, the German Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe questioned the conditions under which the European Central Bank (ECB) had adopted a Public Sector Purchase Programme (PSPP), thus contradicting the position taken by the Court of Justice of the European Union...

13/10/2020
By: Sandra PARTHIE

Compared with other European countries, Germany’s management of the COVID-19 crisis has been efficient. Its health system has successfully coped with the challenge of the fight against the pandemic, the impact on employees has been mitigated thanks to allowances dedicated to furlough leave,...

01/10/2020

On October 3, 1990, after forty years of division, Germany once again became one state. Less than a year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, on November 9, 1989, the territories of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) under Article 23 of its...

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