Publié le 07/03/2022
Speech by Olaf Scholz in the Bundestag, Berlin, 2019


German Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s speech to the Bundestag on February 27, 2022, announced a new orientation in foreign policy and challenged the principles that had been the consensus in Germany for the past thirty years.

  • Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s speech in the Bundestag marks the beginning of a “new era” in German foreign, security and energy policy.
  • The foreign policy incorporates the logic of military deterrence by promising to invest 100 billion euros and to reach the target of 2 per cent of gross domestic product defined within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for defense spending.
  • The Russian-Ukrainian war has shown Germany’s energy dependence on Russia, making it likely that Germany’s desired energy transition policy will be modified.
  • This turning point for German foreign policy integrates diplomacy and makes Europe the preferred framework for action in order to strengthen the “European sovereignty”.


Paul Maurice is a Research Fellow at the Study Committee on Franco-German Relations (Cerfa) at the French Institute of International Relations - Ifri, where he specifically works on issues of foreign and security policy of Germany and Franco-German relations in the context of European integration.


This publication is available in French: "Un « changement d’époque » ? Vers une réorientation de la politique étrangère allemande après l’invasion russe en Ukraine [1]" (pdf)