Politique étrangère Articles from Politique Etrangère

Is Europe a “Digital Colony” of the United States? Politique étrangère, Vol. 86, No. 3, Autumn 2021

Edward Snowden’s revelations, the Cambridge Analytica affair and the digital transformation accelerated by the Covid-19 crisis have all shown Europe's technological dependence on foreign powers. 

The European Commission wants to be the leader in “digital decolonization”, but investment capacity in the Old Continent is much lower than in the United States and China. Nevertheless, Europe has some advantages it can exploit.

Julien Nocetti, is Associate Fellow at the French Institute of International Affairs (Ifri) and also Teaching Fellow in international relations and strategic studies at Saint-Cyr Military Academy.

Article published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 86, No. 3, Autumn 2021.

digital economy Digital Sovereignty Digital transformation European Union (EU) Research and Development Europe United States