The Covid-19 pandemic has laid bare a series of troublesome truths, both about healthcare infrastructures in Western nations and the state of their democracies....
Health security issues caught Ifri's attention very early on: the dynamics of epidemics, resilience of health systems, the role of States, international organizations and NGOs. In 2008, for example, Ifri launched a three-year program dedicated to health and the environment. In this context, work has been carried out on various subjects such as H1N1 influenza or international health cooperation.
Acting as a catalyst for international relations, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated and amplified previously latent geopolitical trends. Since the start of this pandemic, Ifri has produced numerous analyzes on its global, regional or sectoral consequences.
It is not easy to step back and gain perspective on a battle that is raging on the home front for all of us and has not yet reached its peak. However, I do want to share some of my thoughts on the COVID-19 pandemic, especially its context.
La crise des opioïdes aux États-Unis. D’un abus de prescriptions à une épidémie aiguë Potomac Paper, n° 35, décembre 2018
The opioid crisis in the U.S. has reached increasingly tragic proportions – accounting for two thirds of the 72,000 overdose deaths of 2017.
La légalisation du cannabis aux Etats-Unis. Les exemples du Colorado et de l'Etat de Washington Potomac Papers, No. 33, February 2018
The use of recreational cannabis became legal in the States of Colorado and Washington in January and July 2014 respectively. The regulations, based on the examples of the tobacco and alcohol markets, intend to tackle the black market and to protect minors more efficiently. How do these two...
Fragility Factors and Reconciliation Needs in Forest Guinea L’Afrique en questions, No. 20, March 2015
In December 2013 the first Ebola cases surfaced in Guéckedou district, near the Liberian and Sierra Leon borders in the Forest Region of Guinea. The outbreak quickly spread from Forest Guinea to the rest of the country and, through the borders, to neighbouring countries. It took three...
Fake medicines trafficking in West Africa: Supply chains and distribution networks (Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana) Notes de l'Ifri, December 2014
On December 13, 2013, in response to an Interpol initiative, the first ever African Conference on pharmaceutical crime was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Its final communiqué declared the intention of 20 countries to reinforce the struggle against the production of counterfeit drugs.
International Health Cooperation Abolished by Ebola? Politique étrangère, Vol. 79, No. 4, Winter 2014
Since 1976, there have been twenty-five recorded epidemics of the Ebola virus. The 2014 outbreak is the most serious.
One reason Ebola has been so difficult to contain is that it emerged in countries marked by poverty and violence.
Réduire la taille des portions : Les guerres alimentaires aux États-Unis Potomac Paper, No. 19, July 2014
At times of TTIP negotiations, the American food industry frightens the Europeans. Having elaborated marketing practices and also unhealthy foodstuffs, it is largely kept responsible for obesity epidemic which strikes the United States since the 1980s. however, the American civil society...
Making Sense of One Health: Cooperating at the Human-Animal-Ecosystem Health Interface Heath and Environment Reports, No. 7, April 2011
This study aims at showing and making sense of the One Health approach, according to which it is impossible to defeat infectious disease without working at the interface between human health, animal health and the environment.