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Homeland Security

Soldiers patrolling near Louvre museum. France strengthened the measures to combat crime and terrorism.

The porosity of borders has become a key characteristic of contemporary international relations. While this has long been recognized for trade and information networks, it also has an impact on the field of defense and security.

The impossibility of clearly separating internal from external threats is not a new phenomenon, as demonstrated by the many attacks of international origin that hit the Paris area during the 1970s and 1980s.

Although the concept of a defense and security continuum has reached a consensus since the publication of the 2008 Defense White Paper in France, there is still a need to anticipate future internal-external interactions and understand their implications for the French population’s collective security.

Established within Ifri’s Security Studies Centerthe objective of the Homeland Security program is to study more specifically:

  • The process of radicalization (the role of social networks as tools of ideological radicalization and informal mobilization, the emergence of new forms of violent opposition, the repercussions of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in France)
  • Terrorism (the evolution of the international jihadist movement, the potential physical and cyber threats on critical infrastructure, the improvement of prevention and repression procedures)
  • Technological and sanitary risks (early warning procedures, pandemics)

Director of Research and Communications, Editor-in-Chief of Politique étrangère, and research fellow at the Security Studies Center

By: Lars Erslev ANDERSEN

There have only been two terrorist attacks in Denmark over the last thirty years: in 1985 and 2015. Other attacks have been prevented, notably those planned against the illustrators whose drawings of the prophet Mohammed were published in Jyllands-Posten. 


Social media enable new means of natural disasters management. It is now easier to locate victims, to find shelters, or to coordinate humanitarian aid. Prevention has also become more efficient. From now on, this tool will be more and more present in the field of natural disasters management;...

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