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India and South Asia


Malgré son émergence depuis la fin des années 1990, l’Inde peine à entraîner ses voisins dans sa dynamique de croissance autant qu’à pacifier l’ensemble de sa sous-région. L’Asie du Sud reste marquée par de fortes tensions, avec des zones exposées à des niveaux élevés de violence intra-étatique (Afghanistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa et Baloutchistan au Pakistan, Jammu et Cachemire en Inde, pour ne citer qu’eux) et des conflits entre États qui sont, soit sans grande perspective de résolution (Inde-Pakistan), soit en phase d’aggravation (Inde-Chine). Loin de connaitre un processus d’intégration régionale, l’Asie du Sud est plutôt devenue le champ des rivalités d’influence entre la Chine et l’Inde.     

L’émergence indienne, quant à elle, laisse entrevoir des contradictions latentes. Ce pays qui, sur le plan intérieur, accuse un recul démocratique et une intolérance religieuse grandissante ainsi qu’une fragilisation des acquis sociaux de la croissance, s’avère être un partenaire très actif et très sollicité sur le plan extérieur, notamment dans le nouveau contexte stratégique de l’Indo-Pacifique et de la rivalité sino-américaine. 

A travers ses activités de recherche, le Centre Asie de l'Ifri vise à analyser les évolutions de l’Inde sur le plan intérieur comme sur les grands dossiers qui structurent la scène mondiale. Le Centre apporte aussi des éclairages sur les grandes tendances politiques, socioéconomiques et stratégiques qui se manifestent dans les autres pays sud-asiatiques.


Françoise NICOLAS

Senior Research Fellow and Director of Ifri's Center for Asian Studies


Associate Research Fellow, Center for Asian Studies


In May 2014, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), led by Narendra Modi, decisively won India’s sixteenth General Elections. For the first time in thirty years, a party secured a single majority of seats in the lower house of parliament – the Lok Sabha (282 out of 543) – and for the first time...


India is now a major player in the international fertiliser market, regardless of the nutrients considered. Whether it is a question of imports, domestic production, or consumption, India ranks among the top three global players in the sector.<...>

By: Lydia POWELL

India’s approach to climate negotiations results from the interplay of two distinct logics, an external one and an internal one. While the external logic is derived from quantitative attributes at the aggregate level, such as the overall size of India’s economy, the internal logic is derived...

By: Ajey LELE

In the sphere of space research, France-India collaboration began in the early 1960s, with France providing assistance to India’s Rohini sounding rockets programme. Over the years, France has played a constructive role in helping India to develop its ground and space infrastructure, as well as...

By: Jean-Luc RACINE

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Asia is now a nerve center for global economic activity and a theatre of some of the most pressing security concerns of our time. So important has Asia become to global affairs today, and ostensibly for the decades to come, that many have already dubbed the 21st Century as the “Asian Century”....


India is one of Southeast Asia’s principal neighbors and there is certainly great potential for cooperation with the region and its institutional representation, ASEAN. But does India properly exploit this opportunity? Is Southeast Asia satisfied with the level of engagement?

Tuesday 07 July 2009
from 18:00 to 19:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Round-table discussions with Jean-Luc Racine, research director (CNRS/CEIAS) and Ramesh Mulye, former Indian ambassador and strategic advisor in France for the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). Few weeks after a convincing victory in the 15th Lok Sabha...

Wednesday 10 June 2009
from 18:00 to 19:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Round-table discussion with Khalid Mahmood, former Ambassador of Pakistan in Asia and Europe, and with the participation of Pierre Lafrance, former ambassador of France to Pakistan. Moderator: Gilles Boquérat, Researcher, head of the India...

Wednesday 04 February 2009
from 17:15 to 18:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Conference on the Foreign Policy of India with Shivshankar Menon, Foreign Secretary of India. This event will be held in English.

Friday 13 June 2008
from 09:00 to 11:00 - Dinners and Luncheons

Breakfast Debate on India's Africa policy with Anand Sharma, Indian State Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Chaired by Xavier de Villepin, Former Chairman of the Senate's Foreign Affairs Commission. Discussions will be held in English.

Monday 26 May 2008
from 17:30 to 19:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Roundtable with Nadjibulah Djanbaz, Advisor at the Supreme Court, Kaboul, Alain Boinet, President /founder, Solidarités, Etienne de Durand, Head of the Security Studies Center, Ifri. Chair: Dominique Moïsi.

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