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European energy policy

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The European energy policy research axis whithin Ifri's Center for Energy & Climate examines the major policy regulatory issues of the European internal and external energy policies, with a focus on the integration of energy markets and the deployment of low-carbon technologies. 

Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA

Director of Ifri’s Center for Energy & Climate

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Diana-Paula GHERASIM

Research Fellow, Head of European energy and climate policies, Center for Energy & Climate

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Thibault MICHEL

Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Cécile MAISONNEUVE

Senior Advisor, Center for Energy & Climate

Cédric PHILIBERT

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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Thibaud VOÏTA

Associate Research Fellow, Center for Energy & Climate

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25/01/2024

The European Green Deal has not been planned for the current extraordinarily deteriorated internal and external environment. Russia’s war in Ukraine, higher interest rates, inflation, strained public finances, weakened value chains, and lack of crucial skills pose unprecedented challenges....

30/11/2023

The UN climate conference in Dubai faces a moment of troubled geopolitical agenda lowering the focus on the climate emergency, but natural ecosystems will not wait for human decisions. A challenging test for the survival of diplomacy.

16/11/2023

“Humanity has opened the gates of hell”, said the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres during the Climate Ambition Summit, in New York, in September 2023, three months before COP28. The sense of urgency that he conveyed seems shared across the international community. 

08/11/2023
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, Diana-Paula GHERASIM, Clémentine VANNIER, Adam CONTU

The deployment at scale of electric mobility in France and in Europe withholds significant industrial, societal, geopolitical, and financial challenges, against the backdrop of strategic dependencies along the value chain of the electric vehicle (EV).

04/07/2023

North-South tensions are exacerbated at a time of unprecedented turmoil for both Europeans and Africans. European polycrises (geopolitical, energy-related and economic) echo the systematic vulnerability of Africans, which is reinforced by external shocks.

20/06/2023

Finance is arguably the most sensitive climate negotiation topic. Different studies have shown that rich countries emit the majority of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while the climate footprint of the poorest countries is much more limited.

19/04/2023

Russia’s war in Ukraine, and the brutal decoupling from Russian fossil fuels, is a game changer for the Central and Eastern Europe region which was still heavily dependent on Russia for its energy supply. 

16/02/2023
By: Diana-Paula GHERASIM, as member of the G20 Energy Task Force organized by Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations, within the framework of the Task Force for Energy Transitions & Climate Finance

India is at the helm of the G20 presidency since the 1st of December 2022 for the duration of a year, with energy transition and climate finance being key topics on its agenda. In this context, the Gateway House put in place a G20 Energy Task Force to which Ifri’s Research...

09/01/2023
By: Gilles LEPESANT

“Deutschland – Einstieg in die Deindustrialisierung?” – “Germany, the beginning of deindustrialisation?” asked the German economic newspaper Handelsblatt in the context of the spike in energy prices that has put at risk thousands of companies across Germany in 2022. Whereas...

22/11/2022

We have made considerable progress in twelve years and the new European Union targets change the scale of renewables, facilitating the electrification of uses. Renewable energies must be pushed to the maximum regardless the future of nuclear power generation.

01
Feb
2024
Thursday 01 February 2024
from 08:30 to 11:00 - External Events

The European Union's energy transition has historically never been so advanced, yet never so vulnerable. Over the last four years, the European Union (EU) has experienced significant growth in renewable energy capacities, Electric Vehicle (EV), and heat pump adoption. Progress has...

21
Sep
2023
Thursday 21 September 2023
from 09:00 to 10:30 - Videoconferences

The United States of America has deployed the powerful tool of the Inflation Reduction Act to stimulate decarbonization investments, support all low carbon technologies and prioritize homemade technological leadership. 

16
Jun
2023
Friday 16 June 2023
from 08:45 to 17:00 - Conférences

Germany’s transition to climate neutrality will require large volumes of low carbon hydrogen and byproducts (H2). A large part will have to be imported, and German companies plan to play a key role across significant portions of the value chains with the backing of the government.

13
Feb
2023
Monday 13 February 2023
from 11:30 to 13:00 - Videoconferences

At COP15 on Biodiversity in Montreal last month, a historical deal was reached, which includes the goal of protecting 30% of the world’s land and water ecosystems, mobilizing USD 200 billion, and moving away from environmentally harmful investments.

11
May
2022
Wednesday 11 May 2022
from 12:30 to 14:15 - Videoconferences

The first REPowerEU proposals aimed at reducing Russian gas demand, boosting resilience and decarbonization, call for a hydrogen accelerator with 10 Mt of additional hydrogen imports by 2030 and 5 Mt of additional domestic production, compared to 10 Mt of domestic production planned in the Fit...

14
Mar
2022
Monday 14 March 2022
from 12:30 to 14:00 - Videoconferences

Russia’s war with Ukraine has multiple spillover effects on Europe’s energy systems which face multiple threats adding up to systemic weaknesses and challenges. 

17
Nov
2021
Wednesday 17 November 2021
from 17:00 to 18:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

Germany's September Parliamentary elections opened the way for coalition negotiations that may last until December. Yet first hints at directions and red lines in energy and climate policy can be identified as the country must prepare for an accelerated decarbonisation. 

27/07/2023
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, interviewed by Kamen Kraev for NUCNET

Argument that reactors are expensive "does not hold any more", conference hears. Nuclear plants will be needed for the future stability of Europe’s grid, Marc-Antoine Eyl-Mazzega said. 

22/06/2023

The recent energy crisis has highlighted our economies' dependence on energy resources. With fossil fuels becoming less available, and a necessary transition to more decarbonised alternatives, could tomorrow's energy not become more expensive and less certain in...

21/11/2022
By: Diana-Paula GHERASIM, interviewed by Rim Berahab via the organisation Policy Center for the New South

The European Green Deal (EGD) is the single most defining policy initiative of the Von der Leyen Commission. Since its publication in December 2019, it has become the European Union’s (EU) new raison d’être.

11/10/2022
By: Marc-Antoine EYL-MAZZEGA, intervenu pour Open Society Foundations et Euractiv

Some of Europe’s poorest countries and communities would be hardest hit by disruptions of Russian energy supplies. With a difficult winter ahead, Europe’s ability to redistribute costs equitably and to shield the most vulnerable will determine whether it can preserve social cohesion and the...

11/10/2022

Replay from Ifri's conference at the European Parliament in Brussels (October 11, 2022). The combination of the climate crisis and Russia’s war in Ukraine makes the case for a much faster transition to a fully decarbonized power system. 

 

30/03/2022
By: Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), makes 5 key recommendations for the future of French energy & climate policies to foster energy security and achieve climate objectives: