Héloïse FAYET

Research Fellow, Security Studies Center

Research Interests:

  • Nuclear deterrence (doctrines and programs of nuclear weapons states)
  • Proliferation of nuclear weapons and balistic missiles 
  • Strategic competition in the Middle East

Héloïse Fayet is a research fellow at the Security Studies Center and head of the Deterrence and Proliferation reseearch program. 

Her work focuses on nuclear proliferation in the Middle East, the impact of emerging technologies on strategic risk reduction and strategic stability, and Nuclear Weapons States’ doctrines. She also writes on strategic competition in the Middle East and strategic foresight methods. She is a regular speaker for conferences and training courses in French universities and abroad.

Before joining Ifri, she worked as an analyst on the Middle East at the French Ministry of Armed Forces, and at the French National Cybersecurity Agency. Héloïse Fayet graduated from Sciences Po Paris with a dual master’s degree in international security and journalism, and a B.A. in political science.

An advocate for women in security and defense industries, she is on the board of WIIS (Women in International Security) France. She is also a member of the Younger Generation Leaders Network on Euro-Atlantic Security (YGLN) and an alumna of the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP) of the U.S. Department of State.

All my publications
By: Jérémy BACHELIER, Héloïse FAYET, Alexandre JONNEKIN, François RENAUD

From the joint and combined Orion 2023 exercice to the deployment of Leclerc tanks in Romania, through the qualification fire of new missiles, the French armed forces conduct many manoeuvres and activities that are now described as falling under the "strategic signaling".


The Red Team Defence demonstrates the Ministry of the Armed Forces' desire to appropriate new foresight tools. Thus, brain games or serious games aim to bypass the weight of the military hierarchy, the standardisation of thoughts and cognitive biases in order to avoid strategic unthinking.


France has a historical presence in the Middle East, where it has many interests to defend: the fight against terrorism, the promotion of the arms industry, the dissemination of humanitarian values, etc. To this end, it has a number of resources at its disposal, notably military: French forces...

All my medias