Mathilde VELLIET

Research Fellow, Geopolitics of Technology Center

Research interests:

  • American and Chinese technology strategies (export control, industrial and innovation policies, economic diplomacy

  • U.S.-China relations

  • American foreign policy 


Mathilde Velliet is a Research Fellow at Ifri's Geopolitics of Technology Center since September 2021. Her research focuses on international issues related to new technologies, particularly American and Chinese technology policies as well as U.S.-China relations. She is also a PhD student in American civilization at the University of Paris and the University of Aix-Marseille. Her doctoral thesis deals with U.S. policies to protect strategic technologies in response to the China threat under the Obama, Trump and Biden administrations.

She holds a Master’s degree in English studies from the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon and a Master’s degree in International Security from Sciences Po Paris. She also conducted research at New York University and Boston University.

All my publications

European digital sovereignty has been made a priority by Ursula von der Leyen’s European Commission. Due to the privileged position of American companies in the European market, Brussels’ efforts towards digital sovereignty (on privacy, antitrust, data sovereignty, etc.) are closely...


In line with the anti-Huawei diplomatic campaign of the Trump and Biden administrations, the United States has promoted an alternative: Open RAN, a concept defined by "open" network architectures. At the intersection of 5G geopolitics and standards, what risks and opportunities does Open RAN...

All my medias
By: Mathilde VELLIET, quoted by Finbarr Bergminham in the South China Morning Post.
Most EU countries ‘don’t want to have to choose’ and ‘don’t want a world that is split into two camps’, says the bloc’s top diplomat. European governments have criticised Washington’s economic and China policies, and its leaders are scrambling to meet with President Xi Jinping.
By: Mathilde VELLIET, quoted by Patrick Wintour in The Guardian

Disagreements have opened up about strategy when China is also seen as an existential threat. Western powers in the G7 group of nations are failing to coordinate their China strategies, senior western officials admit, adding that the need to do so has been given sharp impetus by Xi Jinping’s...