The Arctic region has enjoyed lasting political stability for several decades. However, the...
Eric André Martin, coordinator of the research initiative on European space governance associating Ifri, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) and
With the advent of New Space, Russia is engaged in a race against time to preserve one of its major industrial assets.
This book describes the evolution of French defense policy since the end of the Cold War. The authors identify the incentives, representations and objectives of French defense policy.
The COVID-19 crisis has made clear the importance of resilient supply chains and effective economic security.
This sad year ends with a pandemic that continues in full swing over a large part of the planet, especially in the United States and Europe, with no other reassuring prospect than that of one or more vaccines, which is already a lot. But that’s...
Energy and electricity policy, planning and regulation in South Africa has been slow and bureaucratic, lacking visionary leadership, and marred by uncertainty. Policy positions and actions taken have tended to be reactive, and driven more by...
policy paper +
At the end of year 2020, the European space sector finds itself at a crossroads between challenges and opportunities. While the 2019 European Space Agency (ESA) Ministerial Conference marked a progression in terms of budgets, a sign of...
Israeli Cyberpower: The Unfinished Development of the Start-up Nation? Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2020
Israel’s economic success in the cyber sector is undeniable. It is due to the development of an ecosystem encouraging the mastery of digital innovation.