“Smart city” development has become a fashionable policy and research topic. A growing number of central and local governments in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, in partnership with companies from diverse sectors (construction, transport, energy, water, etc), consulting firms, NGOs and...
The Right-wing Extremism in Germany. An Underestimated Threat? Notes du Cerfa, No. 151, Ifri, December 2019
In 2018, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution classified 24,100 people in Germany as right-wing extremists. More than one out of two right-wing extremists is described as “violence-oriented”. These figures demonstrate the high level of threat in the German...
India’s Space Program - International Competition and Evolution Asie.Visions, No. 111, December 2019
India’s space program has grown and evolved significantly in the last five decades. The program originally focused on developing space assets that provided direct developmental benefits, for example telecommunications and remote sensing satellites that helped both in improving communication...
South East Asia is an area of utmost importance for Japan’s economic, political and security interests, amounting to “a core strategic interest” for Tokyo.
France’s recently launched Indo-Pacific strategy has attracted many critical and sarcastic comments.
A World of Law? / France and Germany: What's Behind the Mask Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
What is the role of law in international relations today that increasingly seem to favour assertions of power?
South Africa held general elections in May 2019. The African National Congress (ANC) emerged victorious, but failed to win over a majority of registered voters.
Law: An Economic and Geopolitical Weapon of the United States Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
From the 2000s, the United States has developed an extraterritorial legal policy that began with fighting corruption but has since broadened considerably.
The Aachen Treaty: The Promise of Convergence for a Divided Couple Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, No. 4, Winter 2019
The numerous commitments made in the Aachen Treaty concealed a wide range of disagreements over defense, the future of the European Union, economic policies, relations with Russia, and so on.
Russia’s Energy Strategy-2035: Struggling to Remain Relevant Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 28, Ifri, December 2019
Russia’s Energy Strategy to 2035 (ES-2035) enters, finally, the home stretch. The Ministry of Energy submitted its version of the document to the Russian Government in early October 2019.