Research FellowDirector of Ifri's Sub-Saharan Africa Center

Research Interests:

  • Mauritania, Sahel, West Africa
  • Social and political issues
  • Security and terrorism, traffics


Alain Antil is a Research Fellow and the Director of Ifri's Sub-Saharan Africa Center. He also teaches at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques of Lille and at the Institut Supérieur Technique Outre-Mer (ISTOM).

Alain Antil gained his PhD in political geography at the University of Rouen. Prior to this, he was an Associate Researcher at the Laboratoire d’Etude du Développement des Régions Arides, collaborated for the International Crisis Group and regularly contributed to the Sciences Humaines review. He has also taught at the University of Rouen and the University of Versailles Saint-Quentin en Yvelines.


All my publications
By: Alain ANTIL, Sylvain TOUATI

Summary: Last year, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania finally got a legitimate government with Sidi Ould Chiekh Abdellahi's election as president. This first year in power has seen the new authorities taking over burning issues, while the economic crisis and acts of violence by...


The Western Sahara conflict is both one of the world's oldest and one of its most neglected. More than 30 years after the war began, the displacement of large numbers of people and a ceasefire in 1991 that froze military positions, its end remains remote. This is substantially due to the fact...


On 3 August 2005, a junta led by Ely Ould Mohamed Vall, director-general of the Sûreté National, and Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, commander of the presidential security battalion, seized power in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. The coup, which responded to the growing unpopularity and...


Disregarded by the media and international community, Mauritania is nonetheless experiencing a period of increasing instability. Evidence abounds and includes failed military coups, creation of a rebel movement, Foursan Taghyir ("The Knights of Change"), discovery of weapons caches in...


In sub-Saharan Africa, exogenous – and particularly western – forms of political action and structure, like the nation-state or the political representatives through universal suffrage, have become grafted on the societies with their own forms of political expression and production of power....


AbstractA road is to be built between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou before 2007, to complete the Trans-Saharan axis linking Morocco, Mauritania and Senegal. As a consequence of strengthening the nation’s two major economic poles, this road might further increase a geographical...


AbstractNow, elections are present everywhere in Africa, but only few countries really change their leaders by the polls. Almost, the first role of the elections is the legitimatization of the autocrats. It is more interesting to analyze how election takes place in the local political field...

All my medias