Russia’s comeback to Africa has been widely discussed since 2017.
Created in 2007, the Africa Studies Center of the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) works to address cross-disciplinary issues that the African continent is facing. The Center achieves its mission through quality analyses available in various formats. Launched in 2008, l’Afrique en questions concerns topics of broad and current interest. Policy Papers and Reports published by the Center give deeper analyses.
Aimed at renewing interpretative frameworks and nurturing public debate, the Center’s expertise offers helpful tools in policy-making towards Africa. The Center also provides analyses for some key actors in Africa such as the French Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministère des Armées), the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (ministère de l'Europe et des Affaires étrangères), International Crisis Group, OECD or World Bank.
Publications are combined with public events where politicians, academics, companies and civil society can promote dialogue about Africa and share analytical tools.
Be sure to check out Afrique Décryptages, the African Studies Center’s blog
This blog provides information regarding the Center activities. Publication announcements, conference reports as well as links to our researchers’ public appearances. Afrique Décryptages also works as a forum where researchers are free to share their opinions about topical issues in order to stimulate debates and discussions.
The research of the program revolves around the following themes:
(1) Social and economic mutations of Africa
- The middle-class emergence and its consumption pattern
- African cities and the urbanization of the continent
- The competition for land
- The State evolution and governance issues
(2) Africa in international relations
- The traditional partners’ African policies (France, United Kingdom…)
- The emerging partners’ African policies (China, Turkey, Brazil)
- Governance and geopolitics of the extractive sector
(3) Security matters
- Security situation in Sahel
- Trafficking economies
Consult this page (French only) to get on to our latest publications
Malawi: The Road to the 2019 Tripartite Elections. Reflections on Corruption, Land and Multiparty Politics Notes de l'Ifri, January 2019
On May 21st 2019, Malawi will hold its tripartite elections, where voters will vote for the President, Members of Parliament and local Councillors. 2019 will also mark the 25 years of multiparty politics in Malawi since the one-party regime presided by Hastings Kamuzu Banda came to an end in...
Nowadays, numerous actors are involved in military cooperation programs aiming to strengthen African armed forces and build special partnerships.
A Democratic Middle Class? Testing a Common Notion in Uganda L'Afrique en questions, No. 44, 17 December 2018
Often described as an “ungoverned area”, the Niger-Libya border is nevertheless at the centre of major economic, political and security challenges. Both the Libyan authorities and the Nigerien state are struggling to establish tight control over this particularly isolated area.
This study analyses the various mechanisms that explain the leakage of the main source wealth in Nigeria at all levels of the production and commercialization of oil and gas, from the wellheads, with the bunkering of pipelines, up to the export of crude oil and the import of refined products,...
A Year after the Start of the Saudi-Emirati Blockade against Qatar. What Are the Consequences for West Africa? L'Afrique en questions, n° 42, 8 October 2018
On June 5th 2017, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain broke off diplomatic relations with Qatar and agreed to isolate the Emirate via an air and land blockade.
Corruption, Ethnicity and Violence as a Triple Political Strategy. The Changing Face of Politics in Zambia Notes de l'Ifri, September 2018
Recently, Zambian politics have been changing in a pretty checkered manner. The threat of corruption, political violence and ethnic-politics has been growing since the ruling Patriotic Front Party (PF) assumed power in 2011.
How do we get out of wars? One hundred years after 1918, Politique étrangère’s special report takes up this question from different perspectives in relation to the conflicts in which Western armies, willingly or otherwise, are embroiled.
Adjustment Is Back: The Political and Financial Crisis in Central African Oil-Producing Countries. Gabon and Congo-Brazzaville Notes de l'Ifri, July 2018
This paper aims to highlight both the financial, economic and political adjustment cycle, affecting two Central African petro-states, Gabon and the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).
Since taking over as head of the Ethiopian government in April 2018, Abiy Ahmed has increased his openness: the lifting of the state of emergency, the release of political prisoners, the announcements of economic openness and privatization of national enterprises. Regarding foreign policy,...
The 4x4 Directors Forum is an annual meeting gathering the directors of four European and four African Think Tanks to discuss current challenges that both continents are facing. The purpose is to identify common positions and asymmetries, and address possible areas of cooperation in order to...
The global dialogue on migration is frequently stalled due to contradictory interests and positions between the countries of the North (Europe and North America) and the South.
Toward a Global Low Carbon Transition: What Sustainable Opportunities for Africa? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
Despite its marginal contribution to the historical growth in greenhouse gas emissions, the African continent could be one of the most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
As part of the Observatoire of Southern Africa and the African Great Lakes, Ifri organizes this conference on Angola in collaboration with the Directorate General for International Relations and Strategy of the...
The arrivals of refugees from East Africa in Europe have continued to increase since 2015. However, this situation should not gloss over the fact that migration is mainly a regional phenomenon: East Africa, alongside Middle East, hosts currently more refugees than any other regions in the...
China’s Belt and Road – Towards Globalization with Chinese Characteristics? Ifri-OCP Policy Center Roundtables
In 2013, Chinese president Xi Jinping first unveiled his broad vision to develop regional connectivity and infrastructure across Eurasia that would later be officially named the Belt and Road Initiative (or yi dai yi lu, One Belt, One Road, or OBOR).
It is now clear that some African countries are on their way to achieve a dynamic economic growth that will uphold the overall development of the continent. At the same time, they are still struggling with the lack of economic and social infrastructure, governance issues and a complex and...
In the framework of the Observatoire of Southern Africa and the African Great Lakes, Ifri co-organizes this conference on Southern Africa with the Directorate General for International Relations and Strategy ...
Access to electricity has proven a major impediment to economic growth in Africa. As an increasingly important investor in the region, what role has China played in tackling issues of energy poverty, and what can be done in the future?
The Sub-Saharan Africa program and its Associate Fellows are accustomed to sharing their expertise with the media. Our experts mainly speak French, but they can also intervene in English. Consult our researchers’ geographic and thematic specialties on their profile.
Days before French President Emmanuel Macron visited West and Central African leaders this week to talk security, Islamist fighters sent a defiant message -- a suicide attack on the headquarters of a five-nation force that is supposed to take the lead in fighting terrorism in the region....
Russia and China are muscling their way into the Central African Republic as Western clout in the mineral-rich, strategically important nation seems to wane, analysts say.
It's a watershed moment for South Africa and the party of Nelson Mandela. The leadership of the African National Congress is expected to force out Jacob Zuma. Will the president go quietly? Can he negotiate a deal in the face of long-looming corruption allegations?
How to explain the decline of the ANC during the last election? Why 2017 is a decisive year for the ANC? How to explain the student protests during the past two years?
Angola is expected to formally announce the end of President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos' controversial 37-year rule Saturday, and name a successor to lead the ailing African oil-producing country.
Trade is the focus of a three-day visit to France that Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang started on Tuesday. Beyond deals with French companies, China and France are expected to sign an agreement on joint infrastructure projects in Asia and Africa.
Cote d'Ivoire's democracy deadlock, with Sylvain TOUATI
Sylvain TOUATI, dans CNBC Africa
Find out about Afrique Décryptages, the blog of the Ifri Sub-Saharan Africa program.
This blog is an information space on the program's activities. On these pages you will find our publication announcements, conference reports, as well as web links to our researchers’ lectures in the media. This blog is also a place for the program researchers to express themselves, and you will regularly find their points of view and original analysis on topical subjects in short formats meant to spark debate.
Follow us on Twitter @AfriDecryptages