Western Sahara: The Cost of the Conflict Brussels : Cairo : ICG (International Crisis Group), June 11, 2007. - 32 p. (Middle East/North Africa Report, No. 65)
The Western Sahara conflict is both one of the world's oldest and one of its most neglected. More than 30 years after the war began, the displacement of large numbers of people and a ceasefire in 1991 that froze military positions, its end remains remote. This is substantially due to the fact that for most of the actors - Morocco, Algeria and the Polisario Front, as well as Western countries - the status quo offers advantages a settlement might put at risk. But the conflict has human, political and economic costs and real victims: for the countries directly concerned, the region and the wider international community. This is important to acknowledge if a new conflict-resolution dynamic is to be created.