Françoise NICOLAS

Senior Research Fellow and Director of Ifri's Center for Asian Studies

Research Interests:

  • Emerging economies, with a focus on East Asia
  • East Asian regional economic integration
  • Foreign direct investment and growth
  • Globalization and its impacts on global governance


Françoise Nicolas has been with Ifri since 1990. She also teaches at Langues' O, Sciences Po Paris (Europe-Asia programme, Le Havre campus) and Sciences Po (Lyon) and is a consultant to the Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affairs of the OECD (DAF) focusing on Southeast Asian non-member countries. In the past she was an assistant Professor in international economics at the University of Paris-Est (Marne-la-Vallée) from 1993 to 2016, and taught at the Graduate Institute of International Studies (GIIS, Geneva – 1987-90), at the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (1991-95), as well as at the HEC School of Management (2000-02).

Françoise Nicolas holds a Ph.D in international economics (1991) and a MA in political science (1985) from the Graduate Institute of International Studies (Geneva, Switzerland), as well as a diploma in translation from the University of Geneva (1980). She has also studied at the University of Sussex (1980-81) and has spent some time as a visiting fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) in Singapore (1999) and at the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) in Seoul (2004).

All my publications

In the wake of the financial crisis of 1997-98 there has been a clear shift in a number of Southeast Asian countries towards the development of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). ASEAN as a group has concluded FTAs with China and Korea, and it is still negotiating with Japan and India. In addition...


The starting point of the paper is that an agreement will, sooner or later, be negotiated between ASEAN and the EU. As a result, the objective of the paper is not to examine the rationale for such an agreement but to outline its possible scope. Because, the content of a...


The revival of EU-ASEAN economic relations has recently been stirred by the EU-ASEAN Vision Group that was set up in 2005, with the aim of looking into the possibility of a free trade area (FTA) between the two regions. This article analyses the economic feasibility of an EU...


The movement of proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs), since the creation of the WTO, stands out from previous movements due to its dynamism, the intertwining of agreements (bilateral, regional and multilateral), the ambition displayed in these agreements, and...


Since the late 1980s a number of regional developments have impacted upon South Korea's political and economic standing in Asia. China's spectacular growth and closer integration with its neighbouring economies, along with a tendency toward more assertive political and...


Until recently, the only formal body of regional integration in East Asia was the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) which had been established in 1967, primarily for political reasons and with modest economic ambitions. As a result, East Asia has long been said to be the champion...


Although it is often said that globalization enriches the rich and impoverishes the poor and therefore causes inequality, the reality seems to be much more complex. Firstly the aggravation of inequality in the world has not been proven; it all depends what inequalities are...

All my medias