We have made considerable progress in twelve years and the new European Union targets change the scale of renewables, facilitating the electrification of uses. Renewable energies must be pushed to the maximum regardless the future of nuclear power generation.
With over 150 publications issued each year
under an open access policy in French, English, German and Russian,
Ifri enriches the international debate with a constant concern for
objectivity, intellectual rigor, transversality, openness, and support to public and private decision-making.
Neither surveillance nor algorithmic consumerism. Towards an alternative European model for smart cities Etudes de l'Ifri, November 2022
Numerous smart city projects are emerging, guided by objectives of efficiency and improvement of public policies. All of them are based on intensive use of data and digital tools, but their concrete achievements take various forms. Some models are being exported and are becoming levers of...
Relations between the United States and the Islamic Republic are marked by history. On the Iranian side, the overthrow of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953 weighs heavily on the perception of the United States. On the American side, the events linked to the 1979 Islamic Revolution...
The European Green Deal Three Years On: Acceleration, Erosion, Fragmentation? Briefings de l'Ifri, November 14, 2022
The European Green Deal (EGD) is the single most defining policy initiative of the Von der Leyen Commission. Since its publication in December 2019, it has become the European Union’s (EU) new raison d’être: protecting the planet and Europeans from environmental...
China in Madagascar: Between Quiet Politcal Oppurtunism and Intense Trafficking Notes de l'Ifri, November 2022
In the context of growing regional rivalries between major powers in the Indian Ocean, the stakes of Sino-Malagasy relations are major.
France and AUKUS: Bouncing Back to Live up to Pacific Challenges Briefings de l’Ifri, 3 novembre 2022
Back in September 2021, the announcement of AUKUS – the defense partnership between Australia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) was a shock to Paris.
Russia’s War in Ukraine: Misleading Doctrine, Misguided Strategy Russie.Nei.Reports, No. 40, Ifri, October 2022
The blame for committing the blunder of starting the war with Ukraine is deservedly placed on President Vladimir Putin, but a single-explanation interpretation of the unfolding disaster is unsatisfactory.
The COP26, held at the end of 2021 in Glasgow, was emphatically heralded as “the last best hope for the world to get its act together”.
The historical heritage of AUKUS: Australia-United States-United Kingdom relations since 1900 Etudes de l'Ifri, October 2022
The signing of the AUKUS partnership agreement between Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom in September 2021 seems to have reconstituted a natural coalition between “Anglo-Saxon” states. This solidarity generates contradictory judgments.
A Green-Blue Alliance in Motion: Pacific Island Countries and Europe Fighting Climate Change Briefings de l’Ifri, October 2022
The Pacific Islands Countries (PICs) were the first to ratify the Paris climate agreement in 2015. Indeed, for them, climate change has had very concrete implications for years. Islanders have seen the sea level rising, endangering the very existence of atolls. They have also experienced...