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Defense Research Unit

Western armies today face a triple challenge. First, they have been involved in “wars amongst populations” for twenty-five years, having to cope with failed states, fractured societies, and irregular adversaries. Counterinsurgency (COIN) may be out of fashion, but stabilization operations remain as complex as ever. Whether for maintaining peace or countering an insurrection, military intervention cannot deliver victory on its own, yet other “global approach” actors are often either absent or ineffective, not to mention the lack of political support and the constraints posed by permanent pressure from the media.

Meanwhile, Western forces must retain the ability to conduct high-intensity operations when fighting symmetric or hybrid adversaries that benefit from training and advanced weapons. The constituent parts of military transformation tend to spread to regional powers. Accordingly, our defense systems have to stay in the technological race and incorporate into their equipments and doctrines the multiple innovations fostered by progress in intelligence gathering and miniaturisation (sensors, networks, robotics, precision ammunition, etc.).

Remaining full spectrum is also a challenge as our militaries face unprecedented constraints in terms of numbers and budgets. in addition, operational tempo has increased and enemies have toughened. The armed forces are thus being asked to achieve more with less. The political and budgetary context, especially in Europe, is likely to limit the size of militaries and the conditions of their use. It is therefore necessary in the short term to offer solutions for optimization and set the stage for a necessary military build up in the future. The LRD’s analysis focuses on French forces first and foremost, as well as the militaries of their main allies.

Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Research fellow, Director of the Security Studies Center

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Elie TENENBAUM

Research fellow at IFRI's Security Studies Center, coordinator...

Serge CAPLAIN

Chercheur au Laboratoire de Recherche sur la Défense (LRD) de l'Ifri

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Aline LEBOEUF

Research fellow, Security Studies Center, Defense Research Unit

Morgan PAGLIA

Chercheur au Centre des Etudes de Sécurité de l'Ifri

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Jean-Christophe NOËL

Associate Research Fellow at IFRI's Security Studies Center

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Jean-Baptiste FLORANT

Military fellow at IFRI's Security Studies Center, Defense Research Unit (LRD)

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Michel PESQUEUR

Military fellow at IFRI's Security Studies Center, Defense Research Unit (LRD)

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By:

From Afghanistan to the Central African Republic, through Haiti and Guinea Bissau, 'failed' or fragile states have finally turned out to be much more resilient than planned to the Security Sector Reforms (SSR) and other imported reforms of governance. Their ability to let any reform coming...

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In Europe and to a lesser extent in the rest of the world, the last decades have been characterized by two concomitant phenomena : the increasing cost of armament technology which has become always more sophisticated as well as the reduction in the strength of national armed forces and in...

11/06/2008
By:

Development aid has progressively penetrated the fields of conflicts and "fragility". It tends to become a key component of external interventions, next to military action and diplomacy. As a result, it is subjected to the final goals of those operations which, beyond the end of confrontations...

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