Research Fellow, Head of Ifri's Geopolitics of Technology Program
- Geopolitical dimension of technology, especially digital technology
- European technology policies
- EU, NATO and transatlantic relations
- Foreign and defense policies in Europe (in particular France and United Kingdom)
Alice Pannier heads the Geopolitics of Technology program, launched at Ifri in October 2020, after having been associate researcher since 2019. Her research focuses on the geopolitical dimension of new technology, European technology policies, and transatlantic relations. She has also worked for a long time on European security and the foreign and defense policies of European countries, especially France and the United Kingdom.
Prior to joining Ifri, she was Assistant Professor in International Relations and European Studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University in Washington (2017-2020). Previously, she was a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of strategic research (IRSEM) at the French ministry of armed forces. She is a graduate of King’s College London and Panthéon-Sorbonne University and holds a doctorate in political science from IEP Paris, co-supervised with King’s College. Alice Pannier is the author of Rivals in Arms: The Rise of UK-France Defense Relations in the 21st Century (McGill-Queen's University Press, October 2020) and co-author, with Olivier Schmitt, of French Defense Policy since the End of the Cold War (Routledge, February 2021).
Computing power plays a key role in enabling data analytics and machine learning, in cybersecurity, for scientific research, and in military domains like nuclear warhead design and detonation simulation.
Digital Sovereignty Review of Macron’s Term and Debates in the 2022 Presidential Campaign Briefings de l’Ifri, March 15, 2022
One month before the French presidential election, this briefing assesses the actions undertaken during Macron's term as well as the presidential candidates' proposals concerning France's digital sovereignty.
France’s policy vis-à-vis the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has always been ambivalent. On paper, France’s strategic culture fits well within NATO’s nature and agenda. Yet, in practice, French membership of NATO has always been uneasy. Several intra-alliance developments...
Strategic Calculation: High-Performance Computing and Quantum Computing in Europe’s Quest for Technological Power Études de l’Ifri, October 2021
Computing power plays a key role in enabling machine learning, for scientific research, and in the military domain. Therefore, the race for computing power has become a key element of the US-China technological competition, and it is also a strategic priority for Europe.
The Changing Landscape of European Cloud Computing: Gaia-X, the French National Strategy, and EU Plans Briefings de l'Ifri, July 22, 2021
Non-European cloud service providers host the vast majority of European data, which is viewed as an economic as well as a political problem. Gaia-X, European governments and the European Union aim to bolster the European cloud market while responding to data privacy and cybersecurity concerns....
Complementarity or Competition? Franco-British Cooperation and the European Horizon of French Defense Policy Focus stratégique, No. 96 bis, April 2021
What does future hold for the Franco-British defense partnership after Brexit?
Europe in the Geopolitics of Technology: Connecting the Internal and External Dimensions Briefings de l'Ifri, April 9, 2021
To respond to growing global competition, the EU has made notable progress on the internal dimension of technology policy over the past 3 years. It is now also seeking to adapt its foreign policy
Collective Collapse or Resilience? European Defense Priorities in the Pandemic Era Focus stratégique, No. 103, February 2021
To what extent has the COVID-19 pandemic affected defense priorities across Europe?
With a look at evolutions over the past three decades, the thematic chapters cover French defense institutions and civil-military relations, the transformation of armed forces, nuclear deterrence, the defense industry, military interventions, and alliances.
Rivals in Arms: The Rise of UK-France Defence Relations in the Twenty-First Century Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, October 2020
The untold story of the thriving yet complicated defense relationship of two countries caught between strategic decline and global ambitions. As the UK leaves the European Union and as the multilateral international order is increasingly under stress, bilateral security links are more...
Alice Pannier is leading a new programme looking at the relationship between technology and geopolitical alliances. Recent events have proven this to be more important than ever.
Technologies from big data to quantum computing, artificial intelligence and next-generation drones are fueling power struggles between nations and large industrial companies. Alice Pannier, head of the...
Watch the video replay of the conference organized by Ifri's Geopolitics of Technology program on November 18, 2021.
Audrey Tang, Digital Minister of Taiwan, discussed the impact of technological changes such as 5G, contact tracing and Internet governance in an online debate.