Urbanization is a relentless trend, and as cities grow and expand, armed conflict and violence are urbanizing as well.
Security and Defense
The relative simplicity of the Cold War has given way to a series of crises and conflicts involving heterogeneous actors and unpredictable situations. Today, security studies require an integrated approach that takes into account both regional and global dimensions, as well as political trends (coalitions, pressure from the media, strategic rivalries and limited wars) and military dynamics (nuclear and conventional capabilities, reduced force structures, types and methods of intervention).
Since the 1990s, Ifri’s Security Studies Center has stimulated debate and contributed to the improvement of strategic thinking in France through its conferences and widely read publications (in French and English). The Center also works on behalf of public and private policymakers through briefs and closed-door seminars.
The Security Studies Center analyzes traditional defense issues as well as the evolution of the broader field of security. The Center’s programs are designed to be enduring and cross disciplinary, and are conducted with the help of other Ifri research units. Through its innovative work, the Center has two objectives: influencing a wide public with its publications – in particular its two electronic paper series “Focus stratégique” and “Proliferation Papers” – and making recommendations to all the actors involved in public security. Accordingly, various reports and projects are realized on behalf of the Ministries of Defense, the Interior and Foreign Affairs.
The Franco-German Tandem: Bridging the Gap on Nuclear Issues Proliferation Papers, No. 61, Ifri, January 2019
The Franco-German couple has long been characterized by divergent trajectories on nuclear matters, and antagonist historical decisions still frame the current relationship.
Quel avenir pour le djihadisme ? Al-Qaïda et Daech après le califat Focus stratégique, n° 87, janvier 2019
Despite a relative weakening since 2017, the international jihadist movement should continue to pose a genuine threat over the next decade.
Les armées françaises face aux menaces anti-aériennes de nouvelle génération Focus stratégique, No. 86, December 2018
Although it had never entirely disappeared, the surface-to-air threat was mitigated for three decades by Western air superiority. It now benefits from a modernization and dissemination momentum that will increasingly hinder expeditionary forces’ freedom of action.
Nowadays, numerous actors are involved in military cooperation programs aiming to strengthen African armed forces and build special partnerships.
Will Artificial Intelligence Revolutionize the Art of War? Politique étrangère, Vol. 83, No. 4, Winter 2018-2019
Despite the development of artificial intelligence (AI) only being in its early stages, it has already had an impact on armed forces.
Of Walls and Men: Securing African Borders in the 21st Century Focus stratégique, No. 85 bis, November 2018
African borders are well-known for their porosity. Although they are crucial economic interfaces, they also crystallize political and security...
Often described as an “ungoverned area”, the Niger-Libya border is nevertheless at the centre of major economic, political and security challenges. Both the Libyan authorities and the Nigerien state are struggling to establish tight control over this particularly isolated area.
European Strategic Autonomy: Balancing Ambition and Responsibility Éditoriaux de l'Ifri, November 2018
For decades, Europe has been trying to chart a path away from the military competition and strategic rivalries that brought it to ruins so many times in history.
The Erosion of Strategic Stability and the Future of Arms Control in Europe Proliferation Papers, No. 60, November 2018
The instruments of cooperative security created during and since the Cold War to foster mutual confidence and reduce the risks of war, inadvertent escalation, and arms races, in and around Europe, have come under increasing strain.
Since 1983, the QUAD gathers every year, the SWP, RAND Corporation, Chatham House and Ifri.
Landpower has long been dissociated from "strategic forces", as these generally refer to long-range and/or high-yield strike capabilities.However, the recent military commitments contest this notion and highlight the current and future strategic value of landpower.
Closed-door Seminar with Her Excellency Kersti KALJULAID, President of the Republic of Estonia.
These luncheon-debates are dedicated to corporate and individual benefactor members. By personal invitation only....
This event will cross various perspectives on the strategic rationale behind capacity-building efforts, assess current and future challenges to those endeavors, and provide an overview of how the European Union and France implement it in the field and in...
Makoto Iokibe, a renowned expert of Japanese diplomatic history and security policy, will offer his insight on Japan’s new security legislation.
The French Institute of International Relations and the Embassy of Sweden in France are jointly organising a closed seminar with the Swedish Defence Minister, Peter Hultqvist, and the Director General for International Relations and Strategy at the French Ministry of Defence, ...
This expert seminar gathered officials from national ministries of defense, national delegations to NATO, officials from NATO, the EDA, and the EEAS, as well as experts. The objective was to discuss the ambitions of the framework nations concept for framework nations as well as for partner...
An interview with Michael Fullilove, Executive Director of the Lowy Institute, by Jean-Dominique Merchet, Defense and Diplomatic Correspondent, L'Opinion.
On July 16, Djamel Beghal is expected to be released from the Rennes-Vezin prison in the west of France. Beghal is a well-known figure in the European jihadist sphere. Born in Algeria in 1965, he settled in France in 1987. Ten years later, he moved to the United Kingdom with his French...
Corentin Brustlein (Ifri) has been appointed as a member of the United Nations Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters
Corentin Brustlein, head of Ifri's Security Studies Center, has appointed as a member of the United Nations Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. He is attending the 69th Session of the Council, which is...
Opinion column published in "The Globe and Mail"
Sentinel represents a watershed development in French military operations. For the first time since the end of the Cold War, the number of French army soldiers actively deployed in metropolitan France roughly equals that of overseas operations. But the military establishment here is far...
The alliance is struggling to assemble four battalions to safeguard its eastern flank from a possible Russian attack. In addition, many member states are falling short of their...
PARIS — Crowds gathered on Monday to place flowers and candles and pay their respects to the 89 people killed at the Bataclan, as speculation swirled about why the legendary music hall was the target of the most brutal of the terrorist attacks on Friday....
Robert Litwak is the Vice President for Scholars and Director of International Security Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.