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European strategic autonomy

Europe is faced with a degradation of its security environment, which affects all of the neighboring regional theaters and occurs along the entire conflict spectrum (Russian strategic resurgence, instability and civil wars around the Mediterranean Sea, changing patterns of jihadist terrorism, etc.), and with a growing uncertainty regarding the future commitment to European security of two critical allies, the United States and the United Kingdom. In this context, this program provides analytical support to the renewed European interest for defense, and to the attainment of the goal of strategic autonomy, as identified in the EU’s Global Strategy.

Its aims are:

  • to provide substance to the concept of “European strategic autonomy” while contributing to the emergence of a European strategic thought on the use of force in the 21st century;
  • to add to the ongoing debate on the degree of ambition for European countries in terms of strategic autonomy;
  • to assess the capacity, in Europe, to generate military power, now and up to 2030-2040;
  • to come up with a comprehensive overview of the existing capacities as well as the lacking areas, as of today and until 2030-2040 (trends, areas and degrees of dependence, etc.);
  • to provide recommendations on key lines of effort, in terms of defense investment, operational and industrial cooperation as well as capability development.
Corentin BRUSTLEIN

Research fellow, Director of the Security Studies Center

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Guillaume LASCONJARIAS

Associate Research Fellow at IFRI's Security Studies Center

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Alice PANNIER

Chercheuse associée au Centre des études de sécurité de l'Ifri

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Vivien PERTUSOT

Associated Research Fellow

31/10/2019

As the world stage is marked by renewed great power competition, Europe lacks proper means to assert and defend its own independent political view. Despite this backdrop, the authors of this report contend that the current stalemate can be overcome with a collective and inclusive approach.

03/10/2019

Restrictive measures are a major instrument of the European Union (EU)’s external action, which has emerged as one of the world’s leading sanctions emitters. The EU has thus leveraged the size of its market and its economic and financial clout (trade relations, aid policy and bilateral...

21/06/2019

It is a classic exercise to imagine what today’s world would be like if all satellites were shut down. The exact consequences of such a scenario, which is not unlikely given the inherent vulnerability of space systems to natural, accidental and deliberate interferences, are however difficult...

22/01/2019
By: Barbara KUNZ, Ronja KEMPIN

On 22 January 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel sign the Treaty of Aachen on “Franco-German Cooperation and Integration.” The document is set to complement the original Elysée Treaty from 1963, signed by President Charles de Gaulle and Chancellor Konrad...

09/11/2018

The instruments of cooperative security created during and since the Cold War to foster mutual confidence and reduce the risks of war, inadvertent escalation, and arms races, in and around Europe, have come under increasing strain.

23
Jan
2018
Tuesday 23 January 2018
from 18:00 to 19:30 - Seminars and Round-table Conferences

In the light of a more demanding security environment, but also a rare momentum for further European integration, Berlin and Paris are challenged to take their security and defence cooperation to the next level, bilaterally as well as in the EU. Progress in Franco-German security and...

03/06/2018
By: Barbara KUNZ, Interview by Erik Eenlo, BNS, Lennart Meri Conference

Nicolas Sarkozy used to promote himself as a transatlanticist or anglophile French president. Emmanuel Macron seems to have taken this approach a step further. Macron appears to have taken upon France and himself the responsibility of not allowing Britain and more importantly, the United...