Chercheur associé au Centre Russie/NEI de l'Ifri
Domaines d'expertise :
- L'énergie et la sécurité dans les relations entre la Russie et l'Europe
- Dialogue EU-Russie et relations OTAN-Russie
- La politique énergétique de la Russie et la politique russe dans l’Arctique
- La réforme de l'armée russe
- La gestion postsoviétique des conflits dans le Caucase et la Caspienne.
Professeur et chercheur à l'Institut de recherche sur la paix (PRIO, Oslo).
Chercheur associé à la Brookings Institution (Washington DC).
Diplômé en 1979 en géographie politique à l'Université d'État de Moscou (MGU), il a travaillé dans un institut de recherche placé sous la tutelle du ministère de la Défense de l’URSS. En 1988, il a soutenu une thèse en relations internationales à l'Institut des États-Unis et du Canada à l'Académie des sciences de Russie, et a travaillé à l'Institut de l’Europe à Moscou avant de rejoindre le PRIO en 1992. De 1995 à 2001, il a été rédacteur en chef de Security Dialogue, la revue trimestrielle du PRIO, et membre du conseil d'administration de ce même Institut de 1998 à 2004. Il rédige une rubrique hebdomadaire dans l'Eurasia Daily Monitor de la Fondation Jamestown.
Transformation of Russian Strategic Culture: Impacts from Local Wars and Global Confrontation Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 118, Ifri, June 2020
Russian strategic culture is evolving fast, despite the consolidation of the ruling regime, which is maturing into a more rigid autocracy, whereby its ideological outlook becomes increasingly conservative.
Russian Nuclear Modernization and Putin’s Wonder-Missiles: Real Issues and False Posturing Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 115, Ifri, August 2019
The near imminent breakdown of the INF Treaty (1987) has strongly intensified political and public concerns about the failure of traditional arms control and the escalation of a new nuclear arms race.
In Helsinki, Putin Can Grant Trump Great Success, of Sorts Order from Chaos, Brookings' blog, July 16, 2018
The July 16, 2018, face-to-face between President Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin is both entirely natural and extremely unconventional, very encouraging and deeply disturbing.
From Chechnya to Syria: The Evolution of Russia’s Counter-Terrorist Policy Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 107, Ifri, April 2018
The struggle against terrorism is supposed to be one part of security policy in which Russia has every necessary capability and know-how, and its special services can draw on vast experience without encountering the legal and institutional constraints that often interfere with Western efforts....
Russia and Central and Eastern Europe: between Confrontation and Collusion Russie.Nei.Visions, No 97, November 2016
Since the start of the Ukraine crisis in early 2014, the states of East Central Europe have become increasingly important targets of Russian economic, political and military pressure. Russia finds itself in the trajectory of geopolitical retreat on the Western “front”, and seeks to slow...
In the recent years Russia has made a significant effort in favor of modernizing its armed forces which allowed it to execute the swift annexation of Crimea in March 2014.
In the recent years Russia has made a significant effort in favor of modernizing its armed forces which allowed it to execute the swift annexation of Crimea in March 2014. Nevertheless, the deteriorating economic situation casts doubts on Russia’s ability to continue these ambitious reforms.<...>
Rosneft, Gazprom and the Government: the Decision-making Triangle on Russia's Energy Policy Russie.Nei.Visions, No. 75, March 2014
Russia finds itself exposed to many risks in the fast-moving global revolution in energy affairs, and cannot avail of its opportunities despite its unique combination of natural resources and experience in their exploitation. It has entered the phase of economic stagnation, and the under...
The interplay of the foreign, domestic and military dimensions of Russia's Arctic policy is characterized by peculiar incompatibilities. The position of power secured by the military superiority and ambitious modernization of strategic forces is supposed to grant Moscow strong influence and...
Since summer 2009, instability in the eastern part of the North Caucasus has escalated, a security threat against which the Russian leadership cannot find a strategy. Despite a maximum-intensity counterinsurgency campaign, the rebels have been able to expand their support base, staging...
Nearly two and a half years after the Russian military began an intensive bombing campaign in Syria in support of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Russia is struggling to engineer a political solution in the war-ravaged country, analysts say.
President Vladimir Putin’s extra-heavy emphasis on new strategic missile systems in his March 1 address to parliament was quite unexpected and rather out of character.
The past several weeks revealed new details about the inner workings of the shadowy side of Russian foreign and defense policymaking. The revelations—focusing mainly on the ongoing investigation into Russian interference in the United States’ 2016 presidential election and the exposure of the...