Europe/United States: 50 Shades of Dependence Politique étrangère, Vol. 86, No. 3, Autumn 2021
Is Joe Biden’s United States (US) returning to multilateral, traditional diplomacy? This more open stance does not eliminate either its domestic problems or the divergence in interests separating the US from the Europeans: how will open diplomacy fit in with the priority of defending US interests? Will Washington organize a broad anti-Chinese coalition that the Europeans are opposed to? Will sanctions with their resulting effects remain at the heart of US strategy? Will the Europeans be able to assert their sovereignty in the key area of new technologies against the US giants?
On the brink of COP26, it is not a question of just complying with commitments to curb greenhouse gas emissions, but also about a structural transformation of economies. This transformation should be undertaken in a concerted manner, if we want to avoid a race to control green industries that would lead to new inequalities. How far should international cooperation go in these areas and what type of business financing could it be based on?
What type of Germany will Angela Merkel’s successor inherit? Under the banner of multilateralism, Berlin is unequivocally asserting its national interests, while remaining constrained by a stance of restraint inherited from its past and firmly supported by public opinion. What kind of Europe can be built with this type of Germany?
This issue is available in French only.
EUROPE/UNITED STATES: 50 SHADES OF DEPENDENCE
The European Union: Caught Between the United States and China, by Hans Dietmar Schweisgut (read the article)
American Secondary Sanctions: A Case of Old Wine in New Bottles?, by Sophie Marineau
Is Europe A “Digital Colony” of the United States?, by Julien Nocetti
THE ECONOMY VERSUS THE CLIMATE?
Climate and International Trade: The Clash of Powers, by Carole Mathieu
Sustainable Finance: A New Challenge in Global Economic Competition, by Guillaume Cravero and Patricia Crifo
Germany/European Union: Angela Merkel's Ambiguous Legacy, by Paul Maurice
What is the Bundeswehr’s Role?, by Stephan Martens
Moving Towards the End of 20 Years of War on Terror?, by Élie Tenenbaum
President Biden's First Moves in the Middle East, by Rachid Chaker
The Barelvi Movement: From Sufism to Terrorism, by Olivia Hyvrier
Georgia and Its Occupation, by Gilles Carasso
India and Asian Geopolitics: The Past, Present, by Shivshankar Menon
By Isabelle Saint-Mézard