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European Space Governance Initiative


From 2020 to 2023, Ifri coordinated the European Space Governance Initiative, alongside the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) in Germany and the Instituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Italy.

Through a series of publications and debates, this initiative raised awareness among actors in the three countries, as well as in institutions of the European Union, of the challenges posed by the revival of international space competition.

More precisely, it underlined the stakes which result from it, in particular within the framework of the digital transition in Europe, the emergence of New Space in the United States, the evolution of the Russian space sector, and finally the assertion of China as a leading space player.




Research Fellow, Space

Claude-France ARNOULD

Special Advisor to the President for European Affairs 

By: Alain DE NEVE

The unprecedented growth of space activities, the multiplication as well as diversification of players involved in the exploitation of outer space, and even, more generally, the dependence of all sectors of activity on space infrastructures are some of the main phenomena that have led to a...


Satellite constellations have become core elements of the digital transition. Over the next decade, several thousand satellites will have to be launched, to build these constellations.  For positioning satellites, preferably in Low Earth Orbit (LEO), reliable and affordable launch...


This paper explores how the E3 format – involving France, Germany and the UK – might develop in response to the challenges presented by the UK’s departure from the EU. The paper outlines how the trilateral format has supported policymaking to date, most notably in dialogue on Iran’s nuclear...


From the dawn of China’s space program in the mid-1950s to the ability to build, launch and operate satellites in low Earth and geosynchronous orbits from the 1980s, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is in 2021 a complete space power with autonomous access to outer space and to deep-space...

By: Jean-Pierre DARNIS

At the end of year 2020, the European space sector finds itself at a crossroads between challenges and opportunities. While the 2019 European Space Agency (ESA) Ministerial Conference marked a progression in terms of budgets, a sign of renewed space ambitions, the technological and...

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